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Reading PSSA terms

words and definitions

Connections Texts to self; world; or text. The reader can connect or relate what he has read to something else
Evaluate to examine and judge; to say if something is good or bad- if you like it or you don't.
inference reading between the lines. Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption.
Prediction making and educated guess as to what will happen next.
Viosualize the ability to 'see' what you are reading.
compare and cntrast compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences.
Expository text text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic.
Fact vs. opinion facts is it something that can be proben to be true.
Generalizations when you make assumptions about different evernt and or characters and apply them to new situations.
Graphic organizers and organizational picture, such as Venn diagram or webbing, that helps the learner identify the important elements.
Nonfiction writing that is true and the purpose is to infron.
Paraphrase restate in your own words. A parahrase is retelling of the reading selection that includes more than just the main ideas.
Sequential order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
Sequential order order in which the eentsin the story are presented to the reader
Summary a concise(short yet detailed) explanation of a reading selection. A summary contains only the main ideas.
Spporting details details that suppport or back up the main idea of the passage.
Alliteration the repetition f beginning consonant sound sin words in a sentence.
Figurative languages language that connot be taken literally since it was written to creat a special effect.
Hyperbole an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect
Imagery words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to iagine each of the senses
metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as
Onomatopoeia words whose sounds expressed their meaning
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together
Personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
Simile a comparison between two unlike things by using the words like or as.
Symobl an image, object, character,or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal
conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature
Characterization the method an author uses to c9ommunicate information about the characters.
Character vs. character a conflict between characters such as family conflict, trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance.
character vs. nature a conflict between a charater and a foce in nature such as a tornado, avalanche, exreme weather conditions or any type of natural disaster. this type of conflict is external
Character vs. self an internal conflict that takes place in a character's mind.
Climax the moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point.
Expositions the backgrounds information that the author probides about the setting, plot, character or other essential stotry elements.
falling action the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatictension; this occurs just before the resolution.
Fiction any story that is the produc of imagination rather than fact.
Plot the events that occur in the story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution.
resolution occurs at the end of a story and including the exposition, which builds to the climax.
rising action the part of the story, including the exposition, which builds the climax
Anagonist main character in opposition to the protagonist
Protagonist the central character in a story that is tyhe"good guy" or the one with whon the reader identifies.
Dialogue the actual wordd/converstaion that the character says to another character.
narrator the speaker of the story.
point of vies perspective from which the story is being told.
Limited point of view the story is told from the view-point of a character; ass a result of the reader is only exposed to what that character experiences.
Omniscient point of view "all knowing;' instead of being a character in the story the narrator is outside the story so the toughts of all of the characters are presented.
Antonym a word that is the opposite of another word.
Context clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
Homophone or homonym twon or more words that are pronounced alike but have different meanings.
Prefix letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.
root words a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added.
Suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning.
Synonym two or more words that have highly similar meanings.
Author's purpose the author's reason or intenion for writing the selection.
Autobiography the story of a person's life written by the person.
Biography the story os a person's life written by another person.
Conclusion the end of the reading selection.
Fable a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson the the reader.
Genre catergories of literature such as biography, mystery, historical, sport and romance.
Flashback technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate and incident of an earlier time; flashback is ofter used to provide additional information to the reader.
Foreshadowing tchnique in which the author porvides the reader whith clues abouyt events that will happen later in the story.
Irony a difference between what is expected and what actally happens
Verbal irony a contradiction between what is said and what is meant
Dramactic irony occurs when there is a contradiction between what might be expected and what actually occurs.
Situational irony occurs when there is a contradiction between what the character thinks and what the reader knows to be true
mood the overall feeling created by the authopr's words.
setting the environment of tyhime and place where the action of a story occurs
theme the underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader
tone the clues of the story that suggests the writer's own attitude towared elements in the story.
voice THE AUTHOR'S STYLE,the quality that makes his or hers writing unique.
Created by: 2015AumNatR