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Rock Cycle and Earth

Rock Cycle and Earth Layers

QuestionAnswer
Crust + Top of Mantle Lithosphere
Thinnest layer of the Earth Crust
Largest layer of Earth; made of magma Mantle
Layer of Earth made of liquid metals (iron and nickel) Outer Core
Layer of Earth made of solid metals (iron and nickel) Inner Core
Layer of Earth that is most dense Inner Core
Coolest layer of the Earth Crust
Hottest layer of the Earth Inner Core
Layer of the Earth that moves in convection currents Mantle
Type of rock made from the cooling of magma or lava. Igneous
Type of rock that means "FIRE." Igneous
Igneous rocks that are formed outside a volcano Extrusive
Igneous rocks that are formed inside a volcano Intrusive
Crystal size formed extrusively Small Crystals
Crystal size formed intrusively Large Crystals
Most abundant igneous rock that makes up the Earth's surface Basalt
Type of rock that is made up of several layers of sediment that gets compacted and cemented together. Sedimentary
Process where sediment is "glued" together to form a rock Cementation
Process where sediments are pressed together Compaction
Breaking up of larger rocks into smaller bits (typically by wind, rain, plant growth, freezing, etc.) Weathering
Process where sediment is carried away and deposited into lower areas, like water Erosion
Rock type where rocks are changed over time due to heat and pressure Metamorphic
Rocks that have a pattern of layers, stripes, bands, etc. Foliated
Melted rock Magma
Magma that has reached the surface of the Earth Lava
Volcano that erupted in the state of Washington in May, 1980 Mount St. Helens
Process where magma or lava cools and hardens into new rock crystallization
Small crystals form quickly or slowly? Quickly
Large crystals form quickly or slowly? Slowly
Created by: Pullen