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APMT VOCAB

U8-U11

QuestionAnswer
heart of the range for soprano and tenor? C-G
heart of the range for alto and bass? G-C
Contrary motion moves the melody in opposite direction of the bass (desireable)
oblique motion 1 voice remains the same note and the other moves in either direction
similar motion sopranoand bass move in same direction but at different intervals
parallel motion soprano and bass move in same direction and at the same interval (NEVER WRITE IN PARALLEL FIFTHS/OCTAVES)
direct motion (direct fifths and octaves)
crossed voices for example, the alto higher than the soprano, or the tenor higher than the alto
overlapped voices one voice being higher than another voice in the previous chord
spacing rules soprano&alto and alto&tenor must be within an octave of each other. nothing for bass&tenor though.
Which interval of a chord should you double first? And what about the fifth of a chord in 64? the root first, or the fifth. Always double the fifth of a chord in 64
rule of resolution for seventh chords the seventh of the chord resolves downward, or holds until it can
Resolutions rule: if V-I or V-VI, then? 7 resolves up to 1
Resolutions rule: if viivii*7 or V7 -I or VI, then? 7 resolves to 1 and 4 resolves to 3
harmonic progression the process of relating chords to where they naturally lead
progression harmonies proceeding from a stable-->unstable-->stable (T-S-D-T)
I chord leads to any other chord
ii/ii* chord leads to v/v, vii*
III chord leads to VI, VII, vii*
IV/iv chord leads to I/I, ii/ii*, V/v, vii*
V/v chord leads to I/I, vi/VI
vi/VI chord leads to ii/ii*, IV/iv, V/v
vii*/VII chord leads to I/i
circle progression the mvmt of chords where the root (not necessarily the bass) of each chord is a diatonic fifth above the next chord
progression by thirds the mvmt of chords where the root of each chord is either up or down by a third
progression by seconds the mvmt of chords where the root of each chord is either up or down to the next note in the scale.
arpeggiated inverted chords moves between 1-3-5 (I-I64-I6)
pedal inverted chords bass holds same note while voices above change harmony (I-IV64-I)
neighbor inverted chords just know that it occurs on the weak beat like everyone else and goes up and down by a step
passing inverted chord bass moves by steps (I-V64-I6)
cadential chord the only second inv chord found on a strong beat (I64-V7-I or V64--53-I)
retrogression not ending with a resolution(?) (T-D-S-T)
Harmonic rhythm the rate at which the harmony changes
common melodic endings? 2-7-1, 3-2-1, 1-7-1
common bass endings? 5-5-1
Created by: allyson.lee