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Counterpoint A melody line or linear voice added to another line/voice
intervals the distance btwn 2 pitches
melodic sounding one after another (as in a melody/singing)
harmonic 2 pitches sounding at the same time
consonant intervals P1, P5, P8, M3, m3, M6, m6 (P4 melodically)
dissonant intervals M2, m2, M7, m7, and all augmented and diminished (P4 when used harmonically above the bass)
resolution motion of dissonant interval to the consonant
tertian harmony harmony built on thirds
inversions triads w/a chord member other than the root as the lowest sounding voice
why are all seventh chords dissonant? because of the added seventh
Major seventh chord consists of M+M7
Dominant seventh chord consists of M+m7
minor seventh chord consists of m+m7
half diminished seventh chord consists of diminished+diminished7
fully diminished seventh chord consists of diminished+diminished7
enharmonic intervals sound the same, but spelled differently
when an interval is doubly augmented or diminished, it is? (for perfect and majors) one whole step larger or smaller
simple intervals intervals that are one octave or smaller
compound intervals intervals larger than an octave (usually 9-12)
figured bass indicates the intervals above a given bass line
inversion symbols indicate the lowest sounding note within a chord
tendency tones (4&7) having the tendency to resolve by a half step
resolution tones (1&3) active tones that move the tendency tones
tonic chords I/i and vi/VI
sub/predominant chords IV/iv and ii/ii*
dominant chords V and vii* (most active)
cadence the harmonic, melodic, and rhythmic conclusion to a phrase; establishes tonal center and determines the key
perfect authentic cadence V-I / V7-I where both chords are in root position. The tonic chord must double the root of the chord in the soprano.
Imperfect authentic cadence V-I or vii*6-I or V7-I or vii*/7-I where either chord is inverted and the tonic chord has a chord member other than the root in the soprano.
plagal cadence "amen cadence"; IV-I
Deceptive cadence V-vi
Half cadence IV-V, ii/ii6-V, I64-V -- basically anything ending with V
Phrygian half cadence occurs in harmonic minor; iv6-V
Created by: allyson.lee