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Chapter 10 psych

QuestionAnswer
Virtually all the_____ and _____ that have been uncovered by science of psychology are stated in terms of_____. There is nothing unique about this. Many of the________ and ______ in other sciences are stated in terms of _______ rather than ________ facts/ relationships/ probabilities/ laws/ relationships/ probabilities/ certainties
If people think a single example can ______ a law, they must feel the law should hold in_____ case. In short, they have_____ to _____the law’s probabilistic nature. There wil_____ be a “_____who” goes against even the strongest of trends. invalidate/ every/failed /understand/ always/ person
Psychologists call instances like “old Joe Ferguson” story examples of the use of _______-_____” statistics: situations in which well-established statistical trends are _____ because someone knows a “person who” went against the ________________ person who / questioned/ trend
The ubiquitous “person who” is usually trotted out when we are _______________________ with hard statistical _______________________ that _______________________ a previously held belief confronted/ evidence/ contradicts
Much research into the nature of _______________________ _______________________ has indicated that probabilistic _______________________ may well be the _______________________ heel of human cognition human/ thinking/ archilles
These two problems illustrate a very useful principle concerning _______________________ _______________________: Smaller samples will always generate more _______________________ val sample-size/ extreme/ reasoning
Rural counties with sparse populations are _______________________ samples, and they are bound to produce more _______________________ values of all types – extremely _______________________ values and extremely _______________________ value small/ extreme/ high./low
These two problems probe whether a person is prone to the so-called gambler’s_______ -- the tendency for people to see_____ between events in the ___________ and events in the ______ when the two are really ________ fallacy/ links/past/future/independent
It is important to realize that the _______________________ fallacy is not restricted to games of _______________________. It operates in _______________________domain in which chance plays a substantial role, that is, in almost ______ gamblers/chance/any/everything
Those who claim to have psychic _______________________can easily _______________________ this tendency. power's/exploit
Truly _______________________ sequences will often _______________________ seem _______________________ to people because of our tendency to see _______________________ everywhere random/not/random/patterns
Unlike some of the other components of scientific _______________________that are more easily acquired, functional reasoning skills in _______________________ probably requires some type of _______________________ study thinking/statistics/ formal
No one can be a _______________________ contemporary psychologist without being fully conversant with _______________________ and ____________ competent/ statistics/probability
Created by: ariiax