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D - Science

Climate Vocab

climate the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipitation, winds and clouds in an area
microclimate a small area with climate conditions that differ from those around it
climate region a large area that has similar climate conditions
tropical zone the area near the equator, between 23.5 degrees north latitude & 23.5 degrees south latitude
polar zones zones that extends from 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees north latitudes & 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees south latitudes
temperate zones the zones that are between the tropical and the polar zones
marine climates have relatively mild winters and cool summers; much of the west coasts of North America, South America and Europe have this climate
continental climates have more extreme temperatures with cold winters and warm or hot summers; most of Canada, Russia and the central US have this climate
windward the side of the mountain that the wind hits
leeward the side of the mountain that is downwind and in a rain shadow
rain forest forests in which large amounts of rain fall year-round
savanna tropical grasslands
deserts arid regions
steppe semiarid areas
humid subtropical climates that are wet and warm, but not as constantly hot as the tropics
subartic climates that are north of the humid continental climates; summers are short and cool, winters are long and bitterly cold
tundra climate region that stretches across northern Alaska, Canada and Russia
permafrost permanently frozen tundra soil
monsoon sea and land breezes over a large area that change direction with the seasons
Created by: lprinke