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Chapter 8

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
amni/o amnion
bartholin/o Bartholin gland
cervic/o cervix , neck
chori/o chorion
chorion/o chorion
colp/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o vulva
galact/o milk
gynec/o women, female
hyster/o uterus, womb
inter- between
intra- within
infra- under
tomy- to cut
ectomy- remove
stomy- new opening
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses, menstruation
metr/o uterus
metri/o uterus
my/o muscle, muscle tumor
myom/o muscle, muscle tumor
nat/i birth
obstetr/o pregnancy and childbirth
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
ov/o egg
ovary/o ovary
ovul/o egg
perinue/o perineum
phor/o to bear
salping/o fallopian tubes
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vulv/o vulva
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant
-parous bearing, bringing
-rrhea discharge
-salpinx fallopian tube
-tocia labor, birth
-version act of turning
dys- painful
endo- within
in- in
multi- many
nulli- no, not, none
pre- before
primi- first
retro- backward
ovum ova
carcinoma of the cervix malignant cells within the cervix
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
endometriosis endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
fibroids benign tumors in the uterus
ovarian carcinoma malignant tumor of the ovary
ovarian cysts collections of fluid within sacs
pelvic inflammatory disease inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region
gonorrhea gonococcal bacteria
chlamydial infection chlamydial bacteria
syphilis spirochete bacteria
genital herpes herpes simplex virus - HSV
HPV infection and genital warts human papillomavirus
carcinoma of the breast malignant tumor of the breast
fibrocystic breast disease numerous small sacs of fluid surrounded by dense strands of fibrous tissue in the breast
ectopic placentae implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
abruption placentae premature separation of the normally implanted placenta
multiple gestations more than one fetus inside the uterus
placenta previa implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
preeclampsia abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
down syndrome chromosomal abnormality
erythroblastosis fetalis hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
hyaloine membrane disease acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
Created by: smook1103