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chemical regulation

TermDefinition
hormone A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs.
regulate as any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent
prostaglandins are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals.
feedback(negative/poitive a response within a system that influences the continued activity or productivity of that system
hypothalamus a region of the forebrain below the thalamus that coordinates both the autonomic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary, controlling body temperature, thirst, hunger, and other homeostatic systems, and involved in sleep and emotional activity.
thyroxine the main hormone produced by the thyroid gland, acting to increase metabolic rate and so regulating growth and development.
glands an organ in the human or animal body that secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings.
target anything within a living organism to which some other entity is directed and/or binds, resulting in a change in its behavior or function.
ducts a channel or tube for conveying something, in particular.
glucagon a hormone formed in the pancreas that promotes the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver.
insulin an animal-derived or synthetic form of insulin used to treat diabetes.
glycogen a substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates. It is a polysaccharide that forms glucose on hydrolysis.
hypo-secretion production of a bodily secretion at an abnormally slow rate or in abnormally small quantities.
hyper-secretion excessive production of a bodily secretion
gigantism unusual or abnormal largeness.
dwarfism unusually or abnormally low stature or small size.
cretinism is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth owing to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone usually owing to maternal hypothyroidism.
acromegaly abnormal growth of the hands, feet, and face, caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the pituitary gland.
goiter- a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland.
diabetes a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.
Created by: nahomi2775