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BIO Chap 19 Urinary

LPN Goodcare Urinary System and Body Fluids 2018

Fluids located within cells Intracellular fluids
Fluids located outside the cells Extracellular fluids
Fluids located between cells in tissues Interstitial fluid
Consisted of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra Urinary system
Systems that eliminate waste Urinary, digestive, respiratory and integumentary
Space posterior to the peritoneum Retroperitoneal space
Supplie sblood to the kidney Renal artery
Drains blood from the kidney Renal vein
The funnel shaped collecting area that forms the upper end of the ureter Renal pelvis
Functional unit of the kidney nephron
coil of capillaries in the glomerular capsule Glomerulus
Process that drives materials out of the glomerulus and into the glomerular capsule Filtration
Process that returns materials from the nephron back to the circulation Tubular reabsorption
Moved by tubular secretion to balance pH Hydrogen ions
Controls water re-absorption from the collecting duct of the nephron Antidiuretic hormone
Produce renin when the blood pressure drops. Signaled by low sodium in the filtrate leaving the nephron. Juxtaglomerular apparatus
Carries urine from the kidney to the bladder Ureter
Carries urine from the bladder to the outside Urethra
Water is lost from the body thru the kidneys, the skin, the lungs and the _______________ tract. Intestinal tract
The hormone in the adrenal cortex that promotes sodium reabsorption in the kidneys. Aldosterone
Pituitary hormone that increases water re-absorption in the kidney Antidiuretic hormone
Maintains the buffer systems respiration and kidney function Acid base balance of body fluids
__________ and _______________ contain the most sodium ions Plasma and interstitial fluid
Sodium and chloride are highest in extracellular fluids; _____________ and __________ are highest in intracellular fluids Potassium and Phosphate
The kidney's first capillary bed to receive blood glomerulus
Generate bicarbonate ions (buffers) Kidneys
Created by: TutorDavis17