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Animal science words

TermDefinition
environment the natural world; surroundings in which a person, animal, plant lives.
life cycle series of changes in life of an organism: birth , reproduction (having babies), death. MAMMAL LIFE CYCLE: Embryo, Babies, Young animals, Adult.
mammal Animal that breathes air, has a BACKBONE (vertebrae), and grows HAIR/FUR. Females have live babies and also glands that can produce MILK (humans, horses, dogs, cats, etc)
amphibian cold-blooded animals with SPINES/BACKBONES, like frogs & salamanders, that live in WATER as babies but can live & breathe on LAND as adults LIFE CYCLE OF A FROG: Frogs eggs lay hatch in water, Young tadpole have gills, older tadpole grows legs and sta
instinct natural behavior and reactions that an organism is born with
population a group of same organisms that live in the same place at the same time
predator an animal that lives by capturing and eating other organisms
prey an animal that gets captured and eaten by predators
organism any individual life form (animal, plant, or single-celled), that can function on its own
habitat the natural home, environment in which a person, plant, or other organism lives
embryo unborn or unhatched baby, as it develops
tadpole the larval stage in life cycle of amphibian (frog or toad), usually living in the water. "Pollywog"
community a group of various species that interact in a common environment
larva (larvae) baby form of insect or amphibian, after it's an egg & before it morphs into adult (caterpillar -> butterfly )
pupa (pupae) cocoon stage of an insect, between larva and adult
nymph baby (immature) form of some insects before morphing into adult
adaptation changes in an organism that help it survive and multiply (have babies) in its environment: results from natural selection
vertebra (vertebrae) Backbone or spine in mammals
gills the pair of breathing organs on fish and some amphibians; they get oxygen out of the water so the fish / amphibian can live
metamorphosis (in an insect or amphibian) the changing from an immature (baby) form to an adult form in two or more separate stages
eggs function: (1) provide food (2) protect embryo
Created by: lindabarry