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Human Body test

Human body test

QuestionAnswer
What is homeostasis? The maintenance of a stable internal environment
What are the types of joints? 1) ball and socket: shoulder & hip; 2) hinge: knee & elbow; 3) pivot: neck, wrist, ankles; 4) fixed/immovable: skull; 5) gliding: knuckles
What is a tendon? Attaches muscles to bones
Which system’s primary function is to support and protect the body and to allow the body to move? Skeletal system
How many bones does an average adult have? 206
What are the organs for the Skeletal System? Bones
What are the organs for the Muscular System? Muscles
Which system has the primary function of movement and flexibility? Muscular system
What are the 3 kinds of muscle tissue? Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
What type of tissue makes up your heart? Cardiac muscle tissue
Which system forms a protective covering on the outside of the body? Integumentary System
What is the outer layer of skin called? The under layer? Dermis (*the subcutaneous layer is not part of the skin) epidermis
What is the under layer of the skin called? Dermis (*the subcutaneous layer is not part of the skin)
What organs make up the Integumentary System? Skin, hair, nails
Where do skin and hair get their color? Melanin (a black/brown pigment that absorbs UV light)
What are the organs that make up the cardiovascular system? Heart, blood, & blood vessels
What are the 3 types of blood vessels & what do they do? 1) arteries – carry blood away from the heart; 2) veins – carry blood back to the heart; 3) capillaries – deliver low oxygen blood to veins and connect arteries and veins to each other.
16. What is the function of the heart? To pump blood through the circulatory system.
What is the function of the Cardiovascular System? To transport nutrients, gases and waste products around the body, to protect body from infection and blood loss & to help the body maintain constant body temperature
What is a closed circulatory system? Humans have a closed circulatory system – blood is always contained in tubes or vessels
What is pulmonary and systemic circulation? Pulmonary: blood circulates between the heart & lungs; Systemic: blood circulates between heart and rest of the body
Which system’s primary function is to collect excess fluid and return it to the blood and remove pathogens? Lymphatic system
What are the organs that make up the Lymphatic System? Bone marrow, thymus gland, spleen, lymph nodes, tonsils
Which system’s primary function is to take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide? Respiratory system
What are the organs of the respiratory system? Nose, pharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchi, lungs, diaphragm
Which system’s primary function is to break down food so the body can use it? Digestive system
Where does digestion begin? The mouth (mechanical /teeth crush food) after that chemical enzymes (saliva) break down the food
What are the organs of the Digestive System in order from where food enters our body? Mouth, throat (pharynx), esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus
What does digestion mean and how many types do we have? The process of breaking down food into a form that can go through digestive tract and then into blood stream. There are 2 types: mechanical and chemical
Which system makes, stores, and eliminates wastes from your blood? Urinary System
What are the organs of the Urinary System? Kidney, ureters, bladder, urethra
What is the job of the kidneys? To filter blood Urinary system – is made up of organs that filter wastes and extra fluid from the blood in the form of urine
Which system gathers and interprets information and responds to that information by sending messages through your body? Nervous system (receives information, responds to information and helps maintain homeostasis)
What organs make up the Nervous System? Brain, spinal cord & nerves/neurons
What is the difference between the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)? CNS is brain, spinal cord and PNS is all nerves outside of the CNS
What is the name of a nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct electrical impulses? Neuron
What is the control center for the Nervous System and the entire body? Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem)
What system controls body function by releasing hormones as messengers? Endocrine system
What are the main organs that make up the Endocrine System? All organs in the human body
Created by: darcymcfarlane