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Chapter 43

Basic Emergency Care

QuestionAnswer
Where do emergencies occur? Anywhere
What is the emergency care given to an ill or injured person before medical help arrives? First aid
The goals of first aid include ___________________ death. Preventing
The goals of first aid include preventing injuries from becoming ______________. Worse
To activate the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) you should call _____________. 911
To activate the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) you should call the local fire or ______________ department. Police
To activate the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) you should call the ________________ operator. Phone
In nursing centers, who decides to activate the EMS system? Nurse
Rules for emergency care include checking for life-threatening problems such as ______________, a pulse, and bleeding. Breathing
Rules for emergency care include keeping the person lying down or as you _______________ them. Found
Moving an injured person could make an injury ______________. Worse
Rules for emergency care include calling for ______________ or having someone activate the EMS system. Help
When on the phone with EMS, do not hang up until the ______________ has hung up. Operator
Rules for emergency care include not __________________ the person's clothes unless necessary. Removing
When you must remove clothing you should tear or cut garments along the _______________. Seams
Basic Life Support (BLS) procedures support _____________________ and breathing. Circulation
The Chain of Survival steps from the AHA's BLS courses are taken for ___________ _____________, sudden cardiac arrest, respiratory arrest, stroke, and choking. Heart attack
What is it called when the heart stops suddenly and without warning (also called sudden cardiac arrest)? Cardiac arrest
Within moments of the heart stopping, ______________ will stop. Breathing
Permanent _____________ and organ damage can occur during cardiac arrest if breathing and circulation are not restored. Brain
Signs of sudden cardiac arrest include the person not being able to ________________ when spoken to. Respond
Signs of sudden cardiac arrest include no breathing or no _______________ breathing. Normal
Signs of sudden cardiac arrest include ______________ pulse. No
What is it called when breathing stops but heart action continues for several minutes? Respiratory arrest
If breathing is not restored ____________ arrest will occur. Cardiac
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) involves ____________ compressions, airway, breathing, and defibrillation. Chest
Before beginning chest compressions, check for a ______________. Pulse
To check for a pulse, you use the _______________ artery nearest you. Carotid
The carotid artery is located in the ____________. Neck
For effective chest compressions, the person must be in ______________ position on a hard, flat surface. Supine
When giving chest compressions, the _____________ of the hand is placed on the sternum between the nipples. Heel
When giving chest compressions, your arms should be _______________. Straight
When giving chest compressions, your ________________ should be directly over your hands and your fingers interlocked. Shoulders
When giving chest compressions you should press down on the sternum at least __________ inches. 2
You should give compressions at a rate of ___________ per minute. 100
The respiratory passages must be _______________ to restore breathing. Open
During sudden cardiac arrest the tongue falls toward the _________ of the throat and blocks the airway. Back
The head tilt - chin lift method opens the _____________. Airway
How many chest compression do you give in one cycle of CPR? 30
How many breaths are given after each set of chest compressions? 2
You should see the ____________ rise with each breath given. Chest
A _______________ device is used whenever possible for giving breaths. Barrier
A barrier device _______________ contact with the person's mouth and blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions. Prevents
Mouth-to-nose breathing is used when you cannot breath through the person's _________________. Mouth
Mouth-to-nose breathing is used when you cannot ____________ the mouth. Open
Before giving mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose breathing always check to see if the person has a _______________. Stoma
A defibrillator is used to ______________ the heart and stop V-fib. Shock
______________ is done if the person does not respond, is not breathing (or no normal breathing), and has no pulse. CPR
The ______________ position is used when the person is breathing and has a pulse but is not responding. Recovery
The recovery position helps keep the airway open and prevents _______________. Aspiration
What is the excessive loss of blood in a short time? Hemorrhage
Pain, shock, vomiting blood, coughing up blood, and loss of consciousness signal _____________ hemorrhage. Internal
To control external bleeding you should not _____________ any objects that have pierced or stabbed the person. Remove
To control external bleeding you should place a sterile ____________ over the wound. Dressing
To control external bleeding you should apply ______________ with your hand directly over the bleeding site. Pressure
If direct pressure does not stop the bleeding, apply pressure to the artery _____________ the bleeding site. Above
When bleeding stops _____________ the wound. Bind
What is the sudden loss of consciousness from an inadequate blood supply to the brain? Fainting
Emergency care for fainting includes raising the __________ if the person is lying down. Legs
Emergency care for fainting includes _________________ tight clothing (belts, ties, scarves, and collars) Loosen
What results when organs and tissues do not get enough blood? Shock
Signs and symptoms of shock include _____________ or falling blood pressure. Low
Signs and symptoms of shock include rapid and weak ____________. Pulse
Signs and symptoms of shock include ______________ respirations. Rapid
Signs and symptoms of shock include cold, moist, and ____________ skin. Pale
Signs and symptoms of _______________ include thirst and restlessness. Shock
When a person is in shock, keep them lying down, maintain an open ______________, and control bleeding. Airway
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening ______________ to an antigen. Sensitivity
Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic _______________ include sweating, hoarseness, and dyspnea. Shock
Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock include shortness of _______________. Breath
Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock include_____________ blood pressure. Low
Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock include _______________ pulse. Irregular
Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock include _______________ congestion. Respiratory
Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock include ______________ of the larynx. Swelling
Anaphylactic shock is an emergency, the EMS system must be _________________. Activated
What occurs when the brain is suddenly deprived of its blood supply? Stroke
Emergency care for a stroke involves activating the _____________ system. EMS
Emergency care for a stroke involves loosening tight ____________. Clothing
What are violent and sudden contractions or tremors of muscle groups (convulsions)? Seizures
What is a brain disorder in which clusters of nerve cells sometimes signal abnormally? Epilepsy
Doctors order _________________ to prevent seizures. Medications
During a _______________ seizure, only one part of the brain is involved and a body part may jerk. Partial
During a generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizure urinary and fecal ______________ may occur. Incontinence
When providing emergency care for seizures it is important that you do not _____________ the person alone. Leave
When providing emergency care for seizures place something soft under the person's _______________ to prevent it from striking the floor. Head
Infants, children and older persons are at risk for ___________. Burns
A full-thickness burn involves fat, muscle, and _____________ being injured or destroyed. Bone
When caring for burn victims do not __________ the person if they are in contact with an electrical source. Touch
When caring for burn victims use an object that does not _____________ electricity (rope or wood) to remove an electrical source. Conduct
When caring for burn victims remove hot clothing that is not _________________ to the skin. Sticking
When caring for burn victims _______________ clothing with water. Cool
Created by: na3