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Chapter 40

Developmental Disabilities

QuestionAnswer
A disability occurring before the age of 22 is a __________________ disability. Developmental
What is any lost, absent, or impaired physical or mental function? Disability
Developmental disabilities (DD) occur before, during, or after ___________. Birth
A DD can be a physical or mental ________________ or both. Impairment
A DD disability is severe, chronic, life-long, and characterized by limited function in 3 or more life _____________. Skills
DD may affect the person's capacity for _________________ living. Independent
DD may affect the person's __________________ self-sufficiency meaning their ability to support oneself financially. Economic
DD adults need ____________-____________ help, support, and special services in the area of housing, employment, education, human rights protection and health care. Life-long
Which type of disability involves severe limits in intellectual function and adaptive behavior? Intellectual
A person with an intellectual disability has significant limit in at least one adaptive ________________. Behavior
Adaptive behaviors are _____________ needed to function in every-day life. Skills
What type of skills involve interpersonal skills, responsibility, not being tricked by others, following rules, and obeying laws? Social
Person with intellectual disabilities can function in society with some ____________. Support
Person with intellectual and developmental disabilities need to be protected from ________________ harassment and abuse. Sexual
Down syndrome (DS) is a common ______________ cause of mild to moderate intellectual disability. Genetic
In DS an ______________ chromosome is present at fertilization. Extra
A child with DS has short, wide hands with stubby ____________. Fingers
A child with DS has eyes that slant _____________. Upward
Persons with DS need _____________, language, physical, and occupational therapies. Speech
What term means to pass down from parents to children? Inherited
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is _______________ from one's parents. Inherited
With FXS there is a change in the gene that makes a protein needed for _______________ development. Brain
Joints may be ________________ and flexible in a person with FXS, they may be able to extend the elbow, thumb, and knee further than normal. Loose
Cerebral palsy (CP) is term applied to a group of disorders involving muscle ______________ or poor muscle control. Weakness
In CP, the defect is in the _______________ region of the brain and results from brain damage. Motor
Lack of ______________ to the brain is the usual cause of CP. Oxygen
Infants at risk for CP are those that have fetal ______________ syndrome. Alcohol
CP affects body __________________ and body parts. Movement
What term means an uncontrolled contraction of skeletal muscles? Spastic
One or both sides of the ______________ may be involved in the spastic type of CP. Body
A person with athetoid type CP has _____________, slow, weaving, or writhing motions. Constant
What term mean that similar body parts are affected on both sides of the body? Diplegia
Care for a person with CP depends on the _______________ of brain damage. Degree
Signs of autism are seen at about __________ months of age. 18
A child with autism has problem with ______________ skills. Social
A child with autism prefers to be _______________. Alone
A child with autism has frequent _____________ for no apparent reason. Tantrums
With therapy, a person with autism can learn to change or control _______________. Behaviors
Spina bifida (SB) is a defect of the _______________ column. Spinal
SB can occur anywhere in the spine but the ___________ back is the most common site. Lower
In spina bifida cystica, part of the spinal column is in a pouch or ________. Sac
One type of spina bifida cystica is meningocele in which the sac does not contain ______________ tissue. Nerve
A meningocele can usually be corrected by ______________. Surgery
One type of spina bifida cystica is myeloneningocele (or menigomyelocele) in which nerve ___________ occurs. Damage
Leg ________________ and lack of sensation are common problems with myeloneningocele. Paralysis
Lack of bowel and bladder ______________ is common with myeloneningocele. Control
A myeloneningocele defect is _______________ with surgery. Closed
Some children with myeloneningocele walk with braces or crutches and others use _____________. Wheelchairs
With hydrocephalus, cerebrospinal _______________ collects in and around the brain. Fluid
A child with hydrocephalus has an enlarged _____________. Head
Intellectual disabilities and neurological ________________ occur without treatment for hydrocephalus. Damage
With hydrocephalus, a _____________ is placed in the brain to drain the cerebrospinal fluid. Shunt
Vision problems, _______________, and learning disabilities are common with hydrocephalus. Seizures
Created by: na3