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Chapter 36

Digestive and Endocrine Disorders

QuestionAnswer
Gastro-esophageal ___________ disease (GERD) is when stomach contents flow back from the stomach into the esophagus. Reflux
What is the most common symptom of GERD? Heartburn
What is the burning sensation in the chest and sometimes the throat? Heartburn
Risk factors for GERD include being ______-_________, alcohol use, pregnancy, and smoking. Over-weight
What term means expelling stomach contents through the mouth? Vomiting
When caring for someone who is vomiting you need to follow Standard ________________ and the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard. Precautions
When caring for someone who is vomiting you need to turn the person's head well to one side to prevent ____________________. Aspiration
When caring for someone who is vomiting you need to measure, report, and record the ______________ of vomitus. Amount
When caring for someone who is vomiting you need to _____________ of vomitus after the nurse observes it. Dispose
In diverticular disease, small _______________ can develop in the colon. Pouches
In diverticular disease, pouches bulge outward through ____________ spots in the colon. Weak
About half of all people over __________ years of age have diverticulosis. 60
What forms when bile hardens into stone-like pieces? Gallstones
Risk factors for gallstones include: gender - women are at a ___________ risk than men. Greater
Risk factors for gallstones include a family ______________. History
Risk factors for gallstones include a diet high in _________ and cholesterol leading to an increased risk. Fat
Risk factors for gallstones include: age - persons over a __________ are at greater risk. 60
Risk factors for gallstones include American ________________. Indians
Risk factors for gallstones include ____________ Americans. Mexican
Risk factors for gallstones include being __________-weight. Over
Risk factors for gallstones include rapid weight ____________ and fasting. Loss
Risk factors for gallstones include __________________ lowering medications that increase the amount of cholesterol secreted into the bile. Cholesterol
Risk factors for gallstones include person with ______________ due to high levels of fatty-acids. Diabetes
Signs and symptoms of gallstones include steady pain in the upper ________________. Abdomen
Signs and symptoms of gallstones include ______________ and vomiting. Nausea
Signs and symptoms of gallstones include ___________-colored stools. Clay
What is an inflammation of the liver? Hepatitis
Signs and symptoms of hepatitis include _______________ (yellowish color of the skin or whites of the eyes) Jaundice
Signs and symptoms of hepatitis include nausea and ______________. Vomiting
Signs and symptoms of hepatitis include bowel movements that are _______________ or clay-colored. Light
Persons at risk for all types of hepatitis include people who have sex with an ________________ person. Infected
Persons at risk for hepatitis B and C include people who are intravenous _____________ users. Drug
Hepatitis A is spread by food or water contaminated with ___________ from an infected person. Feces
Hepatitis A virus is ingested when eating or drinking __________ or water contaminated with feces. Food
Hepatitis A virus is ingested when eating or drinking from a ________________ vessel. Contaminated
Treatment for hepatitis A involves rest, a healthy diet, fluids, and no ________________. Alcohol
Hepatitis B (HBV) is spread through infected ____________, blood products, and body fluids of infected persons. Blood
A person may have hepatitis C and show no ________________. Symptoms
Hepatitis C is spread by ______________ contaminated with the hepatitis C virus. Blood
Hepatitis D occurs only in people infected with hepatitis _______. B
Hepatitis D is spread the same way as _____________. Hepatitis B
What is the name of the disease in which the body cannot produce or use insulin properly? Diabetes
What type of diabetes occurs most often in children, teens, and young adults? 1
What type of diabetes is most common after age 45? 2
Being ______-_______, lack of exercise and hypertension are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Over-weight
What type of diabetes develops during pregnancy? Gestational
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include being very ____________. Thirsty
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include _________________ often. Urinating
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include feeling very ______________ or tired. Hungry
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include losing _____________ without trying. Weight
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include having sores that heal ______________. Slowly
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include having __________, itchy skin. Dry
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include tingling or loss of ______________ in the feet. Feeling
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include ______________ vision. Blurred
Type 1 diabetes is treated with daily _______________ therapy, healthy eating and exercise. Insulin
Good ___________ care is important for persons with diabetes. Foot
What is the term for low blood sugar? Hypoglycemia
What is the term for high blood sugar? Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia can lead to _______ if not corrected. Death
Causes of hypoglycemia include too _____________ insulin or diabetic medication. Much
Causes of hypoglycemia include ________________ or delaying meals. Missing
Causes of hypoglycemia include eating too ______________ food. Little
Causes of hypoglycemia include _______________ exercise. Increased
Causes of hyperglycemia include undiagnosed _____________. Diabetes
Causes of hyperglycemia include not enough insulin or diabetic _____________. Medication
Causes of hyperglycemia include eating too _____________ food. Much
Causes of hyperglycemia include too ______________ exercise. Little
Causes of hyperglycemia include ________________ stress. Emotional
Causes of hyperglycemia include ________________ or sickness. Infection
Created by: na3