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Ecology 7

What do we call a group of the same species all living in an area? A population
What do we call all the living things in an area? A community
What is an ecosystem? All the living AND nonliving factors
Biomes are characterized based on what two factors? TEMPERATURE AND AMOUNT OF WATER
The biome with warm temps and very little rain is called Desert
What is meant by the term BIODIVERSITY? Many different types of living things
What biome is the most biodiverse? Tropical rainforest
What biome do we live in? Deciduous forest
What are deciduous trees? Trees that lose their leaves in the fall and regrow them in the spring
What is a biotic factor? Anything living in the area. Animals, plants, bacteria, etc.
What do we consider to be abiotic factors? Anything that effects the ecosystem but is NONLIVING. Examples include type of rocks, soil, water amounts, temperature, etc
What are producers? Any organism that makes its own food. In other words, any plant that undergoes photosynthesis
Producers are also called........ autotrophs
Name the 5 different types of consumer. Herbivore, carnivore, omnivore, scavenger, decomposer
Herbivores eat........ plants only
Carnivores eat........ meat only
Omnivores eat...... both plants and animals
Scavengers eat...... dead organisms
Decomposers return nutrients to the soil. Name some examples. Fungi, bacteria and worms
At what level of the food pyramid is the most energy available? The bottom level (the producer level)
A deer is considered to be a ___________ consumer because it eats producers. Primary
What eats Primary Consumers? Secondary Consumers
What is evaporation? When liquid water converts to water vapor
What process is responsible for cloud formation? condensation
One organism benefits and the other is unaffected Commensalism
Both organisms benefit Mutualism
One organism benefits and the other is harmed Parasitism
What is a pioneer species? The first species to begin life in an area. Always a simple plant
Created by: cwalczak