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Chapter 3 W Geo Test

Chapter 3 W Geography Test

found in mid-latitude interior N Hemisphere Humid Continental
experiences all 4 seasons, great variety in precipitation & temperature Humid Continental
found in Southeast US & large parts of China Humid Subtropical
has long summers of heat & humidity, suitable for crops, mild/cool winters, subject to hurricanes in the fall & summer Humid Subtropical
found close to the ocean, West coast of US, Canada, & Europe Marine West Coast
cloudy, foggy, damp, evenly distributed precipitation, moderate temperatures, smog Marine West Coast
found in Central & South America, Africa, & Southeast Asia Tropical Wet
always hot, rains daily, sunny then cloudy, little variation in temperature Tropical Wet
found in Africa, South & Central America, Asia Tropical Wet & Dry
rainy summer (wet season), dry winter (dry season) Tropical Wet & Dry
found in mid-latitudes mostly in the N Hemisphere Desert
very low amount of precipitation, high temperatures during the day, low temperatures during the night, low humidity Desert
found in near the Mediterranean Sea, US, & Asia Mediterranean
hor/dry summers, cool/rainy winters, supports dense population & rich agricultural activity Mediterranean
found in Canada & Russia Subarctic
taiga, huge temperature variations, short/cool summers, cold winters, temperatures are below freezing Subarctic
found in the ring aroudn the Arctic Circle Tundra
treeless flat land, little precipitation, has permafrost Tundra
found in Antarctica & Greenland Ice Cap
snow, ice, freezing temperatures, polar deserts, not much precipitation Ice Cap
found in mountainous areas Highlands
varies with latitude, elevation, continental location, & other topography Highlands
occurs in hot, moist climates where the sun quickly heats the air and it rises, creating clouds and then rain Convectional
falls on the windward side of hills or mountains that block moise air and forces it upward where it cools and rain or snow falls and creates a rain shadow on leeward side Orographic
occurs in the mid-latitudes where cold dense air masses push lighter warm air masses upward causing the air to cool, vapor to condense, and rain to fall Frontal
found on both sides of the equator from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn Low latitudes (tropical)
hot all year long, can experience season changes because of wind patterns Low latitudes (tropical)
found between the tropics and the polar regions Middle latitudes (temperate)
temperatures vary greatly because of solar heating Middle latitudes (temperate)
encircles the North and South Pole High latitudes (polar)
cold all year long High latitudes (polar)
extreme climates, plants adapt to tolerate dry & cold conditions, plants hug the ground Tundra
broadleaf trees, normally shed at least once a year only exclusively in the N Hemisphere Temperate Deciduous Trees
dotted with few trees Grasslands
broadleaf trees, trees can stay green all year long Rain forests
needleleaf trees, cone bearing trees, found in northern regions of NA, Asia, and Europe Coniferous trees
What are the two most significant factors in defining different climates? temperature and precipitation
What is another name for a coniferous tree? needleleaf
What is another name for a deciduous tree? broadleaf
What is an ecosystem? interdependent community of plants & animals
What is a biosphere? the part of the earth where plants & animals live
Why do prevailing winds blow in curved lines? Earth's rotation
How does elevation affect climate? climate gets colder as elevation increases; the greater the altitude, the fewer the climate zones
How does the location of land and water influence climate? water heats and cools slowly, so the area around it has moderate temperaturesland heats and cools quickly, so the land around it has a wider temperature range
At what latitude is the Tropic of Capricorn located? 23 degrees S
At what latitude is the Tropic of Cancer located? 23 degrees N
What are the determinants of climate? latitude, altitude, prevailing winds, distance from sea, ocean currents, great mountain barrier
What causes the seasons? Earth's tilt and rotation
When is the vernal equinox? March 21
When is the autumnal equinox? September 23
When is the winter solstice? December 21 or 22
When is the summer solstice? June 21 or 22
What should you not do if an earthquake occurs? do not go outside, do not use your cellphone, do not turn on the gas
What is El Nino? the warming of water off the west coast of South America
What is the greenhouse effect? the layer of gases released by the burning of coal and petroleum that traps solar energy, causing global temperature to increase
What is the direction of prevailing winds determined by? Coriolis effect; latitude & Earth's movement
From what direction do the northeasterly winds blow? northeast
What is an area of low pressure? area of hot air
What is an area of high pressure? area of cold air
In what direction do ocean currents flow in the northern hemisphere? clockwise
In what direction do ocean currents flow in the southern hemisphere? counterclockwise
How are season different between the northern and southern hemisphere? they are the opposite
What is a climograph? a graph showing the average daily temperature and precipitation for each month of the year for a specific location
What does precipitation look like on a climograph? bar graph
What does temperature look like on a climograph? line graph
Created by: Tiffanyy