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Chapter 7

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
cali/o calyx / cup-shaped
cyst urinary bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus
nephr/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
trigon/o trigone
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
vesic/o urinary bladder
albumin/o albumin
azot/o nitrogen
bacteri/o bacteria
dips/o thirst
kal/o potassium
ket/o ketone bodies
keton/o ketone bodies
lith/o stone
natr/o sodium
noct/o night
olig/o scanty (very little)
-poietin substance that forms
py/o pus
-tripsy crushing
ur/o urine
urin/o urine
-uria urination / urine condition
glycos/o sugar
nephrolithiasis kidney stones
polycystic kidney disease multiple fluid-filled sacs within and on the kidney
pyelonephritis inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma
renal failure decrease in excretion of wastes results from impaired filtration function
renal hypertension high blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
diabetes insipidus (type 1) antidiuretic hormone is not secreted, or there is a resistance of the kidney to the antidiuretic hormone
diabetes mellitus (type 2) insulin is not secreted adequately or tissues are resistant to its effects
blood urea nitrogen measurement of urea levels in the blood
CT urography x-ray images obtained using computed tomography show multiple cross-sectional and other views of the kidney
kidneys, ureters and bladder x-ray examination of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
renal angiography x-ray examination of the blood vessels of the kidney
MRI changing magnetic field produces images of the kidney and surrounding structures in three planes of the body
cystoscopy direct visualization of the urethra and urinary bladder with an endoscope
dialysis process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the blood
lithotripsy urinary tract stones are crushed
renal angioplasty dilation of narrowed areas in renal arteries
renal biopsy removal of kidney tissue for microscopic examination
renal transplant surgical transfer of a kidney from a donor to a recipient
urinary catheterization passage of a flexible, tubular instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder
ADH antidiuretic hormone
BUN blood urea nitrogen
CKD chronic kidney disease
CRF chronic renal failure
K+ potassium
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
NA+ sodium
PKD Polycystic kidney disease
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
Created by: smook1103