Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 25

Oxygen Needs and Respiratory Therapies

QuestionAnswer
Oxygen needs are affected by the respiratory system. Structures must be _________ and function properly. Intact
Oxygen needs are affected by the respiratory system. An open (patent) ____________ is needed. Airway
Oxygen needs are affected by the respiratory system. _____________ (air sacs) must exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Alveoli
Oxygen needs are affected by the circulatory system. Blood must flow to and from the __________. Heart
Oxygen needs are affected by the circulatory system. Narrowed ___________ affect blood flow. Vessels
Oxygen needs are affected by the circulatory system. Red blood cells (RBCs) contain __________________. Hemoglobin
Oxygen needs are affected by the circulatory system. Hemoglobin picks up _____________ in the lungs and carries it to the cells. Oxygen
Oxygen needs are affected by the nervous system. _____________ damage affects respiratory rate, rhythm, and depth. Brain
Oxygen needs are affected by aging. Respiratory muscles ____________. Weaken
Oxygen needs are affected by aging. Lung tissue is less __________. Elastic
Oxygen needs are affected by aging. Strength for ____________ decreases. Coughing
Oxygen needs are affected by exercise. Oxygen needs _____________ with exercise. Increase
Oxygen needs _____________ when a person has a fever. Increase
Oxygen needs ________________ when a person is in pain. Increase
What means slow, weak respiration at a rate of fewer than 12 per minute? Respiratory depression
What is it called when breathing stops? Respiratory arrest
Oxygen needs are affected by medications. Medications can depresses the respiratory system making breathing too shallow to bring _____________ into the lungs. Oxygen
Oxygen needs are affected by medications. ________________ medications can cause respiratory arrest. Narcotic
Substance abusers are at risk for respiratory depression and respiratory arrest due to medication __________-__________. Over-doses
What is a sensitivity to a substance that causes the body to react with signs and symptoms including runny nose, wheezing, and congestion? Allergy
What is a harmful chemical or substance in the air or water? Pollutant
The body needs ____________ and vitamins B12, C, and folate to produce RBCs. Iron
Oxygen and ____________ ____________ are exchange in the alveoli. Carbon dioxide
What is it called when the cells do not have enough oxygen? Hypoxia
Anything affecting ______________ function can cause hypoxia. Respiratory
What is an early sign of hypoxia? Restlessness
Other signs and symptoms of hypoxia include _____________ and disorientation. Dizziness
Hypoxia is life-threatening because all organs need ____________ to function. Oxygen
What is a bluish color to the skin, lips, mucous membranes, and nail beds? Cyanosis
What is rapid breathing at a rate greater than 20 per minute? Tachypnea
Fever, exercise, pain, pregnancy, airway obstruction, and hypoxemia are common causes of __________. Tachypnea
What is a reduced amount of oxygen in the blood. Hypoxemia
What is slow breathing at a rate of fewer than 12 per minute? Bradypnea
What is the lack or absence of breathing that occurs in sudden cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest? Apnea
What is it called when respirations are slow, shallow, and sometimes irregular? Hypoventilation
What is it called when respirations are rapid and deeper than normal? Hyperventilation
What is difficult, labored, or painful breathing called? Dyspnea
What are respirations that gradually increase in rate and depth and then become shallow and slow? Cheyne-Stokes
With Cheyne-Stokes respirations breathing may __________ for 10-20 seconds. Stop
Cheyne-Stokes respirations are common when ___________ is near. Death
What is breathing deeply and comfortably only when sitting? Orthopnea
What are rapid and deep respirations followed by 10-30 seconds of apnea? Biot's respirations
What are very deep and rapid respirations that signal a diabetic coma? Kussmaul respirations
What is mucous from the respiratory system called? Sputum
Sputum and be clear, white, yellow, green, brown, or red depending on the ________________. Cause
The ______________ of sputum could be thick, watery, or frothy (with bubbles or foam) Consistency
What is the term for bloody sputum? Hemoptysis
When performing a lung scan, the person inhales a ______________ gas. Radioactive
When performing a lung scan, a radioisotope is injected into a ______________. Vein
When performing a lung scan, the lung tissues that are getting air and blood flow _______________ up under that scan. Light
What is the procedure called in which the pleura is punctured and air or fluid is removed? Thoracentesis
A thoracentesis involves a doctor inserting a _____________ through the chest wall into the pleural sac. Needle
A ________________ function test measures the amount of air moving into and out of the lungs. Pulmonary
What is the amount (percentage) of hemoglobin containing oxygen? Oxygen concentration
The normal range for oxygen ________________ is 95%-100%. Concentration
The oxygen (O2) concentration sensor attaches to a ___________, toe, earlobe, nose, or forehead. Finger
What measures the oxygen concentration in arterial blood? Pulse oximetry
The pulse oximeter shows the oxygen concentration and the ____________ rate. Pulse
The alarm on the pulse oximeter sounds if the oxygen concentration is too ____________. Low
The alarm on the pulse oximeter sounds if the _______________ is too fast or too slow. Pulse
Pulse oximetry is affected by bright light, nail __________, fake nails, and movement. Polish
Blood pressure cuffs affect blood flow so you do not take BP on the ___________ side that the finger site is used for pulse oximetry measurement. Same
The person's apical or radial pulse should ____________ the pulse rate displayed on the pulse oximetry meter. Equal
Respiratory disorders cause the lungs, bronchi, and trachea to secrete ______________. Mucus
Pain, immobility, and narcotic medications interfere with deep breathing and coughing causing ______________ to collect in the airway and lungs. Secretions
When secretions collect in the airway and lungs it interferes with __________ movement and lung function. Air
Secretions provide a place for __________ to grow and multiply making infection a risk. Microbes
Person that have difficulty breathing often prefer to sit up and lean over a table to breathe this position is called _____________ position. Orthopenic
When a person is sitting in orthopenic position you can place a _________ on the table to increase the person's comfort. Pillow
If a person lies on one side for a long time it can cause secretions to pool because lungs cannot _____________ on that side. Expand
Position changes are needed at least every __________ hours. Two
What moves air into most parts of the lungs? Deep breathing
What helps to remove mucus? Coughing
Deep-breathing and coughing exercises promote ______________. Oxygenation
Deep-breathing and coughing exercises are done after surgery or injury and during ______________. Bedrest
What is the collapse of a portion of the lung? Atelectasis
Atelectasis occurs when ____________ collects in the airway. Mucus
Deep breathing and coughing are usually done every __________ hours while the person is awake. Two
When asked to assist with deep-breathing and coughing exercises you need to know how many __________ the person needs to repeat the exercises. Times
When the person is doing deep-breathing and coughing exercises they need to inhale through the ________________. Nose
When the person is doing deep-breathing and coughing exercises they need to exhale slowly through ____________ lips. Pursed
When the person is doing deep-breathing and coughing exercises they need to place both hands or a ______________ over abdominal incisions. Pillow
When the person is doing deep-breathing and coughing exercises they need to cough strongly ________ times with the mouth open. Two
Incentive ______________ measures the amount of air inhaled. Spirometry
Incentive spirometry is also called sustained maximal ________________. Inspiration
With incentive spirometry a person is enouraged to inhale until reaching a pre-set volume of air and then holding the breath for at least _________ seconds. Three
The goal of incentive spirometry is to improve lung _____________ and prevent or treat atelectasis. Function
The breaths inhaled for incentive spirometry is like _____________ or sighing to move air deep into the lungs. Yawning
Oxygen is a __________________. The doctor orders the amount of oxygen to give, the device to use, and when to give it. Medication
Nursing assistants ______ __________ give oxygen. Do not
The nurse and _____________ therapist start and maintain oxygen therapy. Respiratory
Oxygen ____________ are used by person who walk or use wheelchairs. Tanks
An oxygen ______________ removes oxygen from the air for the person to use. Concentrator
Liquid oxygen is very cold. If touched, it can ______________ the skin. Freeze
What type of oxygen device is inserted into the nostrils and allows for eating and drinking? Nasal cannula
The ___________ rate is the amount of oxygen given. Flow
The ____________ or respiratory therapist sets the flow rate based on the doctor's order. Nurse
When giving care, always check the __________ __________ and tell the nurse if it is too high or too low. Flow rate
If oxygen is not humidified (made moist) it can _________ the airway's mucous membranes. Dry
Nursing assistants never ___________ the flow rate. Adjust
When caring for a person receiving oxygen always make sure the humidifier is _____________ and that it has enough water. Bubbling
Safety rules for oxygen therapy include checking for signs of _____________ from the device. Irritation
When someone is receiving oxygen you must check for signs of irritation and skin breakdown behind the ____________, under the nose, around the face, and on the cheekbones. Ears
Safety rules for oxygen therapy include making sure there are no kinks in the _____________. Tubing
Safety rules for oxygen therapy include making sure the person does not ________ on any part of the tubing. Lay
Artificial airways keep the airway ___________ (open and unblocked) Patent
What is the term for inserting an artificial airway? Intubation
What is a tube inserted through a surgically created opening into the trachea? Tracheostomy
Who performs tracheostomies? Doctors
Frequent _________ hygiene is needed for person with tracheostomies. Oral
What is a tube inserted through the mouth or nose into the trachea? Endotracheal
Person with endotracheal tubes cannot ______________. Speak
Gagging and ____________ feelings are common in persons with endotracheal tubes. Choking
The outer ______________ of a tracheostomy tube is secured in place with ties around the neck or a Velcro collar. Cannula
The outer cannula must not come __________ (extubation), if it does you should call the nurse immediately. Out
When persons have a tracheostomy nothing must _____________ the stoma. Enter
When persons have a tracheostomy and a foreign object enters the stoma or tube the person can ________________. Aspirate
When persons have a tracheostomy the stoma must be ______________ when the person goes outside. Covered
Never cover the stoma with ________________, leather, or similar materials that are not breathable. Plastic
When persons have a tracheostomy you should cover the stoma with a _____________, shirt or blouse that buttons at the collar, or a stoma cover. Scarf
When persons have a tracheostomy ___________ baths should be taken. Tub
When persons have a tracheostomy and they take a shower, a shower _____________ must be worn. Guard
When persons have a tracheostomy you should use a hand-held __________ to direct the water away from the stoma. Nozzle
When applying clean ties or Velcro collar on an adult, a ___________ should be able to slide under the ties or collar. Finger
What is the process of withdrawing or sucking up fluid or secretions? Suctioning
Some person cannot ______________ or they have a weak cough and cannot remove secretion so they need suctioning. Cough
If not done ___________ suctioning can cause serious harm. Correctly
You can _____________ the nurse with suctioning but you do not perform the suctioning procedure. Assist
Mucus may contain microbes or ____________, so you need to follow Standard Precautions and the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard. Blood
What is it called when you use a machine to move air into and out of the lungs? Mechanical ventilation
With mechanical ________________ a endotracheal or tracheostomy tube is needed. Ventilation
An alarm sounds when the person is _________________ from the ventilator. Disconnected
If an alarm sounds and the person is disconnected from the ventilator first ______________ the tubing and then tell the nurse. Reconnect
Safety measures to follow when assisting with suctioning include suctioning as _________________, not on a schedule. Needed
A suction cycle for an adult lasts no more than 10 to _________ seconds. 15
A suction cycle involves first inserting the ______________. Catheter
A suction cycle involves ________________ for no more than 10-15 seconds. Suctioning
A suction cycle involves ______________ the catheter after the suctioning. Removing
Care of person on mechanical ventilation includes answering _________ _____________ promptly. Call lights
Care of person on mechanical ventilation includes ____________ who you are and what you are doing whenever you enter the room. Explain
Care of person on mechanical ventilation includes following the care plan for _______________. Communication
Care of person on mechanical ventilation includes telling the person when you are _______________ the room and when you will return. Leaving
What is air in the pleural space called? Pneumothorax
What is blood in the pleural space called? Hemothorax
What is the escape and collection of fluid in the pleural space called? Pleural effusion
Chest tubes are attached to a ______________ system. Drainage
Care of persons with chest tubes includes keeping the connecting tubing _____________ on the bed. Coiled
Care of persons with chest tubes includes ____________ chest drainage and reporting any increases or changes of appearance at once. Observing
Care of persons with chest tubes includes ______________ and positioning the person as directed. Turning
Care of persons with chest tubes includes immediately calling for help if the chest tube comes ______________. Out
If the chest tube comes out you should cover the site with sterile petrolatum ______________. Gauze
Created by: na3