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Chapter 23

Exercise and Activity

QuestionAnswer
What is the loss of muscle strength due to inactivity? Deconditioning
Bedrest is usually ordered to _______________ physical activity. Reduce
Bedrest is usually ordered to reduce ___________. Pain
Bedrest is usually ordered to encourage ____________. Rest
Bedrest is usually ordered to ______________ strength. Regain
Bedrest is usually ordered to promote _______________. Healing
A patient on which type of bedrest has everything done for them? Strict
A patient on which type of bedrest is allowed to do some ADLs such as self-feeding, oral hygiene, bathing, shaving, and hair care? Bedrest
Bedrest with ______________ privileges allows the person to use the bedside commode for elimination. Commode
Bedrest with _______________ privileges (BRP) allows the person to use the bathroom for elimination. Bathroom
What is a lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle? Contracture
What is the decrease in size or the wasting away of tissue? Atrophy
An abnormally drop in blood pressure when a person suddenly stands up is called ________________ hypotension. Orthostatic
What word mean fainting or a brief loss of consciousness? Syncope
A person with orthostatic hypotension often becomes _____________, weak and may have spots before the eyes. Dizzy
Another term for orthostatic hypotension is ______________ hypotension. Postural
The best way to avoid orthostatic hypotension is to _____________ change positions. Slowly
What type of supportive device is used to prevent a mattress from sagging? Bed-boards
What type of supportive device is used to prevent plantar flexion and is placed at the foot of the mattress? Foot-boards
What is it called when the foot falls down at the ankle (permanent plantar flexion)? Footdrop
What type of supportive device is used to prevent the hips and legs from turning outward (external rotation)? Trochanter rolls
What type of supportive device is used to keep the hip abducted (apart) after hip replacement surgery? Hip abduction wedges
What type of supportive device is used to prevent contractures of the thumb, finger, and wrist (also called hand grips)? Hand rolls
What type of supportive device is used to keep the weight of the top linens off the feet and toes? Bed cradle
Before getting a person out of bed you should slowly raise the head of the bed and place the person in ____________ position. Fowler's
To help prevent orthostatic hypotension you should measure the person's blood pressure, pulse, and respirations with the person in ______________ position. Supine
What is used for exercises to strengthen arm muscles? Trapeze
A trapeze hangs from an ______-______ frame. Over-bed
What type of ROM exercises are done by the patient themselves? Active
What type of ROM exercises are done by the healthcare worker moving the joints through their ROM? Passive
What type of ROM exercises are done by the patient with some help from the healthcare worker? Active-assistive
What is moving a body part away from the mid-line of the body? Abduction
What is moving a body part towards the mid-line of the body? Adduction
What is straightening a body part? Extension
What is vending a body part? Flexion
What is the excessive straightening of a body part? Hyperextension
What is bending the toes and foot up at the ankle? Dorsiflexion
What is turning the joint? Rotation
What is turning the joint inward? Internal rotation
What is turning the joint outward? External rotation
What is bending the foot down at the ankle? Plantar flexion
What is turning the joint downward? Pronation
What is turning the joint upward? Supination
When delegated to perform ROM exercises you need this information from the nurse and the care plan: what kind of _______ ordered. ROM
When delegated to perform ROM exercises you need this information from the nurse and the care plan: which ___________ to exercise. Joint
When delegated to perform ROM exercises you need this information from the nurse and the care plan: how ___________ the exercises are done. Often
When delegated to perform ROM exercises you need this information from the nurse and the care plan: how many times to ___________ each exercise. Repeat
ROM exercises to the ___________ can cause serious injury if not done properly. Neck
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should exercise only the __________ the nurse tells you to exercise. Joints
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should ___________ only the body part being exercised. Expose
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should use good body ________________. Mechanics
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should ____________ the part being exercise. Support
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should move the joint __________, smoothly, and gently. Slowly
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should not _________ a joint beyond its present range of motion. Force
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should not force a joint to the point of _____________. Pain
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should ask the person if they have pain or ______________. Discomfort
When performing range-of-motion exercises you should only perform ROM to the ___________ if allowed by center policy. Neck
What is the act of walking called? Ambulation
Before ambulating a person you need to discuss how __________ to walk. Far
Before ambulating a person you need to discuss what _____________ devices are used. Assist
Before ambulating a person you need to discuss how you will ____________. Assist
Before ambulating a person you need to discuss how you will help if the person begins to ______________. Fall
If you are ambulating a weak or unsteady person you should use a ________ __________. Gait belt
To help a person walk you should walk to the side and slightly _____________ the person. Behind
To help a person walk you should stand on the person's __________ side. Weak
Safety measures for crutch use involve checking the crutch _________ to make sure they are not worn down, torn, or wet. Tips
Safety measures for crutch use involve checking the crutches for __________ and damage. Flaws
Safety measures for crutch use include making sure all of the ___________ are tight. Bolts
Safety measures for crutch use include making sure the person wears flat, non-skid ______________. Shoes
A cane is held on the ___________ side of the body. Strong
The cane tip is kept about 6-_____ inches to the side of the foot. 10
The cane grip is level with the _________. Hip
When using a cane the person moves the cane forward and then moves the __________ leg. Weak
When using a walker the person pushes the walker about _____-8 inches in front of their feet. 6
What assist device supports weak body parts? Braces
A _____________ is applied over the ankle, knee, or back. Brace
Keep the ___________ and bony areas under the brace clean and dry to prevent skin breakdown. Skin
Recreational activities are important for an older person's physical and ____________ well-being. Mental
Activities must meet each person's _____________ and physical, mental, spiritual, and psycho-social needs. Interests
Some persons need ___________ getting to an activity. Help
Created by: na3