Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 22

Bowel Elimination

QuestionAnswer
What is the term for the semi-solid mass of waste products in the colon that is expelled through the anus? Feces
What is the alternating contraction and relaxation of intestinal muscles that moves feces through the intestines? Peristalsis
What is the process of excreting feces from the rectum through the anus? Defecation
What is the term for excreted feces? Stool
Bowel movement _______________ depends of each person. Frequency
Stools are normally ___________ in color. Brown
Stools are normally __________, formed, moist, and shaped like the rectum. Soft
The normal odor of stools is caused by ______________ action in the intestines. Bacterial
Factors affecting bowel elimination include _____________ because most people find bowel elimination sounds and odors embarrassing. Privacy
Factors affecting bowel elimination include a diet of ________ - _______ foods that leave a residue needed for bulk. High-fiber
Foods that provide ____________ help prevent constipation. Fiber
Factors affecting bowel elimination include consuming gas-forming foods that stimulate ______________. Peristalsis
Factors affecting bowel elimination include drinking 6-8 glasses of ____________ to promote normal elimination. Water
Feces harden and __________ when large amounts of water are absorbed or when fluid intake is poor. Dry
Hard, dry feces move slowly through the colon and can cause ______________. Constipation
Factors affecting bowel elimination include getting plenty of exercise because it helps to maintain muscle tone and stimulate ______________. Peristalsis
The passage of a hard, dry stool is called ___________. Constipation
What is the prolonged retention and buildup of feces in the rectum? Fecal impaction
Fecal impaction can occur is constipation is not ____________. Relieved
With a fecal impaction, ___________ feces pass around the hardened fecal mass in the rectum. Liquid
The nurse does a _____________ exam to check for an impaction. Digital
A ______________, gloved finger is inserted into the rectum to feel for a hard mass. Lubricated
When the nurse removes the fecal mass with a gloved finger it is called the ______________ removal of an impaction. Digital
What is the frequent passage of liquid stool? Diarrhea
Abdominal ______________, nausea, and vomiting may occur with diarrhea. Cramping
Safety and comfort during bowel elimination involves providing for _______________. Privacy
Factors affecting bowel elimination include positioning the person in a normal ___________ or squatting position. Sitting
Safety and comfort during bowel elimination involves placing the ______ _________ and toilet tissue within reach. Call light
Safety and comfort during bowel elimination involves checking on the person every __________ minutes if they can be left alone. Five
Safety and comfort during bowel elimination involves providing _____________ care after bowl movements. Perineal
Safety and comfort during bowel elimination involves ____________ of stools promptly to reduce odors and prevent the spread of microbes. Disposing
Safety and comfort during bowel elimination involves assisting the person with ___________ washing. Hand
What is gas or air passed through the anus called? Flatus
What is the excessive formation of gas or air in the stomach and intestines called? Flatulence
Causes of flatulence include ______________ air while eating and drinking. Swallowing
Causes of flatulence include bacterial action in the ______________. Intestines
Causes of flatulence include consumption of ______-____________ foods like onions, beans, cabbage, cauliflower, radishes, and cucumbers. Gas-forming
Exercise, walking, moving in bed and the __________ side-lying position often produce flatus. Left
Meals, especially _______________, stimulate the urge for a bowel movement. Breakfast
What is a cone-shaped, solid medication that is inserted into a body opening? Suppository
A bowel movement usually occurs about ______________ minutes after inserting a suppository. Thirty
What is an introduction of fluid into the rectum and lower colon called? Enema
Who orders enemas? Doctors
Doctors order enemas to remove ____________. Feces
Doctors order enemas to ___________ constipation, fecal impaction, or flatulence. Relieve
Doctors order enemas to ____________ the bowel of feces before certain surgeries and diagnostic procedures. Clean
Safety and comfort measures for giving enemas include positioning the person as the ____________ directs. Nurse
The _________ position or the left side-lying position is the preferred position for enemas insertion. Sims'
What type of enema is a solution of salt and water? Saline
A ____________ enema takes effect in about 10-20 minutes. Cleansing
Tap water enemas can be dangerous because the colon may absorb some water into the bloodstream creating a fluid ________________. Imbalance
What type of enema solution is similar to body fluid? Saline
What type of enema can irritate the bowel's mucous lining? Soapsuds
When giving a cleansing enema, you should ____________ the tube 2-4 inches into the adult's rectum. Insert
When giving a cleansing enema, you should ____________ the tube if the person needs to have a BM, has cramping, or starts to expel solution. Clamp
When giving a cleansing enema, you should clamp the tube if the person is sweating or complains of __________ or weakness. Nausea
When giving a cleansing enema, you need to keep the results until the _____________ observes them. Nurse
Small-volume enemas irritate and distend the rectum to cause a BM and are often ordered to treat _________________. Constipation
Small-volume enemas usually take effect in about 5-_____ minutes. Ten
Oil-_____________ enemas are used to relieve constipation and fecal impactions. Retention
Oil retention enemas are retained for 30 to _____ minutes or longer (1-3 hours). 60
What is a surgically created opening between the colon and abdominal wall? Colostomy
The colostomy site depends on the _________ of disease or injury. Site
Stool ____________ - liquid to formed - depends on the colostomy site. Consistency
The more __________ remaining to absorb water, the more solid and formed the stool. Colon
If the colostomy is near the ___________ of the colon, stools are liquid. Start
A colostomy near the _________ of the colon results in formed stool. End
Stools can _____________ the skin. Irritate
Good skincare for persons with colostomies can prevent skin ____________ around the stoma. Breakdown
An ____________ is a surgically created opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall. Ileostomy
Liquid stools drain ______________ from an ileostomy. Constantly
Many pouches have a _____________ at the bottom that closes with a clip, clamp, Velcro, or wire closure. Drain
The drain of a colostomy pouch is opened to ____________ the pouch. Empty
The colostomy pouch is emptied when ________ is present. Stool
The colostomy pouch is open when it balloons or bulges with ___________ to allow the gas to escape. Flatus
The pouch is _____________ every 3-7 days and when it leaks. Changed
When a person has a colostomy they can prevent odors from the pouch by practicing good _____________. Hygiene
When a person has a colostomy they can prevent odors from the pouch by _______________ the pouch. Emptying
When a person has a colostomy they can prevent odors from the pouch by _______________ gas-forming foods. Avoiding
When a person has a colostomy they can prevent odors from the pouch by putting _____________ into the pouch. Deodorants
When a person has a colostomy they can wear ___________ clothes. Normal
Peristalsis ______________ after eating and drinking. Increases
Before _____________ is the best time of day to remove a colostomy pouch to change it or bathe. Breakfast
Showers and baths are delayed for 1-2 hours after applying a new pouch to allow the ______________ time to seal to the skin. Adhesive
Can you flush pouches down the toilet? No
Stomas do not have ________________. Sensation
Touching the stoma does not cause ___________ or discomfort. Pain
Persons with ostomies can ____________ their own care if able. Manage
Created by: na3