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Chapter 6

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
-ectasis dilation / widening
-ectasia dilation / widening
-emesis vomiting
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eating / swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage bursting forth
-rrhagia bursting forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow / discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis stopping / controlling
-stenosis narrowing / tightening
-tresia opening
bucco/o cheeck
cec/o cecum
celi/o belly / abdomen
cheil/o lip
chol/e bowl / gall
cholangi/o bowl duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bowl duct
col/o colon
colon/o colon
dent/i teeth
duoden/o 1st part of small intestines
enter/o intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tounge
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o 3rd part of intestines
jejun/o 2nd part of intestines
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone / calculus
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
proct/o anus / rectum
pylor/o pylorus / pyloric sphincter
rect/o rectum
sialaden/o salivary gland
splen/o spleen
steat/o fat / sebum
stomat/o mouth
lower gastrointestinal series X- ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
upper gastrointestinal series X- ray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestines obtained after administering barium by mouth
cholangiography X- ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
computed tomography (CT) a series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views
abdominal ultrasonography sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera
endoscopic ultrasonography use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract
HIDA scan radioactive imaging procedure that tracks the production and flow of bile from the liver and gallbladder to the intestines
gastric bypass or bariatric surgery reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum
gastrointestinal endoscopy visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen
liver biopsy removal of liver tissue from microscopic examination
nasogastric intubation insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
paracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
atresia (pronounce) TER
cholecystolithiasis (pronounce) THI
dentalgia (pronounce) TAL
hemoptysis (pronounce) MOP
lipase (pronounce) LI
paracentesis (pronounce) TE
Created by: smook1103