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Med./Legal & Ethical

Brady Emergency Care 11th edition: Chapter 3 Key Terms

QuestionAnswer
abandonment leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before the patient has been transferred to someone with equal or greater medical training
advance directive a DNR order
confidentiality the obligation not to reveal information obtained about a patient except to other health care professionals involved in the patient's care, or under subpoena, or in a court of law, or when the patient has signed a release of confidentiality
consent permission from the patient for care or other action by the EMT
crime scene the location where a crime has been committed or any place that evidence relating to a crime may be found
do not resuscitate (DNR) order a legal document, usually signed by the patient and his physician, which states that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts
duty to act an obligation to provide care to a patient
expressed consent consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision in regard to their medical well-being
Good Samaritan laws a series of laws, varying in each state, designed to provide limited legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel when they are administering emergency care
HIPAA The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, a federal law protecting the privacy of patient-specific health care information and providing the patient with control over how this information is used and distributed
implied consent the consent it is presumed a patient or patient's parent or guardian would give if they could, such as for an unconscious patient or a parent who cannot be contacted when care is needed.
liability being held legally responsible
negligence a finding of failure to act properly in a situation in which there was a duty to act, that needed care as would reasonably be expected of the EMT was not provided, and that harm was caused to the patient as a result
organ donor a person who has completed a legal document that allows for donation of organs and tissues in the event of death
scope of practice a set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope, or extent and limits, of the EMT's job
Created by: Ceide