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Genetics Part Two


Genotype genetic make-up of an organism
Dominant trait observed in the first generation (HH,Hh) (capital)
Genes one set of instructions for an inherited trait
Blood Cells carry oxygen & other materials through the body
Cytokinesis cells without a cell wall separate into two new daughter cells
Heterozygous/Hybrid one dominant and one recessive allele (Hh,Bb)
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) located in the nucleus of a cell, carries genetic material/ information
Heredity passing of traits from parent to offspring
Interphase longest phase, cell grows, DNA is copied, (chromosomes are copied)
Anaphase chromatids separate and move to opposite sides of the cell
Mitosis asexual reproduction, process of cell division from one parent cell
Metaphase nuclear membrane dissolves, paired chromatids line up at cells equator
Chromosomes stores genetic instructions, made up of DNA and protein, main ring of DNA
Homozygous/Purebred two dominant or two recessive alleles (HH,hh,BB,bb)
Telophase nuclear membrane forms around each set of chromosomes, chromosomes unwind
Phenotype physical appearance of an organism
Recessive Trait trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for the same characteristics are inherited (lowercase) (h,h)
Prophase chromosomes condense from long strands to rod like structures
Order of Mitosis Phases interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis
How do you make a punnet square? practice and explain
Created by: hbaldwin849