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Chapter 17

Hygiene

QuestionAnswer
Hygiene promotes __________, safety, and health Comfort
Hygiene is affected by ____________ and personal choice. Culture
You should follow the person's _________ _______ to meet the person's needs. Care plan
You assist with hygiene ____________ it is needed. Whenever
Routine care given before breakfast is called _____________ morning care. Early
Another name for early morning care is _____ _________. AM care
AM care includes assisting with _______________. Elimination
AM care includes cleaning ______________ persons. Incontinent
AM care includes changing wet or soiled ___________ and garments. Linens
AM care includes assisting with hygiene - face and hand washing and ___________ hygiene. Oral
AM care includes positioning persons for _______________. Breakfast
AM care includes making _________ and straightening units. Beds
________________ care is given after breakfast. Morning
Morning care includes assisting with __________________. Eliminations
Morning care includes cleaning _______________ persons. Incontinent
Morning care includes changing wet or soiled ___________ and garments. Linens
Morning care includes assisting with hygiene - face and hand washing, oral hygiene, bathing, back massage, and _____________ care. Perineal
Morning care includes assisting with __________________ - hair care, shaving, dressing and undressing. Grooming
Morning care includes assisting with activity - range-of-motion exercises and _______________. Ambulation
Morning care includes making ___________ and straightening units. Beds
Routine hygiene is done after lunch and before the evening meal is called _________________ care. Afternoon
Afternoon care includes assisting with elimination ______________ and after naps. Before
Afternoon care includes cleaning _____________ persons before and after naps. Incontinent
Afternoon care includes changing wet or soiled _____________ and garments before and after naps. Linens
Afternoon care includes assisting with ______________ and grooming - face and hand washing, oral hygiene and hair care. Hygiene
Afternoon care includes assisting with _______________ - range-of-motion exercises and ambulation. Activity
Afternoon care includes straightening ___________ and units. Beds
Evening care, PM care, or HS care is care given in the evening at _____________. Bedtime
Evening care includes _______________ with elimination. Assisting
Evening care includes ________________ incontinent persons. Cleaning
Evening care includes changing wet or soiled linens and _________________. Garments
Evening care includes assisting with hygiene - face and hand washing, oral hygiene and __________ _____________. Back Massages
Evening care includes helping the persons change into ________________. Sleepwear
Evening care includes straightening __________ and units. Beds
What is another term for mouth care? Oral Hygiene
Oral hygiene keeps the _____________ and teeth clean. Mouth
Oral hygiene prevents mouth ____________ and infections. Odors
Oral hygiene ________________ comfort. Increases
Oral hygiene makes food _______________ better. Taste
Oral hygiene reduces the risk for ____________ and periodontal disease. Cavities
What does the term dental caries mean? Cavities
An inflammation of tissues around the teeth is called ______________ disease. Periodontal
Another term for periodontal disease is called _________ disease. Gum
Illness, disease, and some medications often cause a bad _____________ in the mouth. Taste
Illness, disease, and some medications often cause a ____________ coating in the mouth and on the tongue. Whitish
Illness, disease, and some medications often cause redness and swelling in the mouth and on the ______________. Tongue
Illness, disease, and some medications often cause ___________ mouth. Dry
Dry mouth can also be cause from ______________ use, smoking, decreased fluid intake, and anxiety. Oxygen
_______________ helps to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Flossing
Flossing removes food from between the ______________. Teeth
Flossing is usually done after ________________ and sometimes after meals. Brushing
When is the best time to floss? Bedtime
What type of toothbrush bristles are best? Soft
Persons with dentures need a denture ____________, cup, and brush or toothbrush. Cleaner
Sponge ____________ are used for persons with sore, tender mouths. Swabs
Sponge swabs are also used for oral care for ________________ persons. Unconscious
When using sponge swabs you need to check the foam __________ to make sure it is tight on the stick. Pad
The person could _____________ on the foam pad if it comes off the stick. Choke
You should report rough, sharp or _______________ areas on dentures. Chipped
Some persons need mouth care every ___________ hours. Two
When brushing a person's teeth you need to brush the person's teeth and then gently brush the _______________. Tongue
What direction do you floss teeth? Up and down
Unconscious person usually cannot __________. Swallow
What is breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs? Aspiration
Aspiration can cause _____________ and death. Pneumonia
To prevent aspiration you need to position the person in lateral position and turn the head to the ________________. Side
When providing mouth care to an unconscious person you need to keep the person's mouth open with a padded _______________ blade. Tongue
You should always assume the unconscious person can __________. Hear
Unconscious mouth care is done every ___________ hours. Two
Dentures are __________________ when wet. Slippery
Dentures are easily ___________ and chipped if dropped on a hard surface Broken
When cleaning dentures rinse them over a basin of water lined with a _______________. Towel
When using a denture cleaning agent you need to follow the ______________ instructions. Manufacturer
Hot water causes dentures to lose their shape or ______________. Warp
If not worried you need to store dentures in a denture cup with ___________ water and a soaking solution. Cool
Dentures are normally removed at _______________. Bedtime
You must remind person not to wrap dentures in _________________ otherwise, they can be discarded accidentally. Tissues
Label the denture cup with the person's name and room and bed _____________. Number
Use _____________ squares to get a good grip on slippery dentures. Guaze
Bathing cleans the ______________. Skin
When bathing _____________ is stimulated and body parts are exercised. Circulation
The person has the right to choose _____________ time and frequency. Bathing
________________ dries the skin. Soap
Older person usually need a complete bath or shower _____________ a week. Twice
Lotion and ___________ help keep the skin soft. Oils
Keep bar soap in the ________ _________ between latherings to prevent soapy water. Soap dish
___________ water is often used for older persons due to dry skin. Plain
What removes dirt, dead skin, skin oil, microbes and perspiration? Soaps
Showers and tubs become _____________ from bath oils. Slippery
Lotion is applied to body areas after bathing to prevent skin __________________. Breakdown
What absorbs moisture and prevents friction when two skin surfaces rub together? Powder
Powders are usually applied under the _____________, under the arms, and in the groin area and sometimes between the toes. Breasts
Powders are applied to dry skin in a _____________, even layer. Thin
Bathing procedures can threaten persons with ________________. Dementia
When bathing a person with dementia you should use terms like "____________ ________" or "washed" rather than "shower" or "bath". Cleaned up
When bathing, provide for warmth - ______________ room temperatures before starting the bath or shower. Increase
Play soft music to help the person ____________. Relax
Tell the person what you are doing ________-______-_________. Step-by-step
When bathing put a ______________ over the person's shoulder or lap to help the person feel less exposed. Towel
The water temperature for full and partial _________ __________ is normally 110-115 degrees F. Bed bath
When bathing a person you should report the following to the nurse: the location of description of ______________. Rashes
When bathing a person you should report the following to the nurse: _______________ or open skin areas. Bruises
When bathing a person you should report the following to the nurse: pale of reddened areas especially over ________________ areas. Bony
When bathing a person you should report the following to the nurse: drainage or ______________ from wounds or body openings. Bleeding
When bathing a person you should report the following to the nurse: ____________ of the feet or legs. Swelling
When bathing a person you should report the following to the nurse: corns or ____________ on the feet. Calluses
Before bathing, allow the person to meet _________________ needs. Elimination
Hot water can _______________ delicate and fragile skin. Burn
Do not use soap to wash the person's ______________. Eyes
Ask if the person wants to use soap to wash the ______________. Face
You are giving a complete bed bath and have just finished washing the eyes, ears, face, and neck; what area do you wash next? Far arm
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the far arm; what area do you wash next? Near arm
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the near arm; what area do you wash next? Chest
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the chest; what area do you wash next? Abdomen
After washing the abdomen you need to ______________ the water. Change
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the abdomen; what area do you wash next? Far leg
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the far leg; what area do you wash next? Near leg
After washing the near leg, you need to ____________ the water. Change
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the near leg; what area do you wash next? Back
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the back; next you will give a ___________ ___________. Back rub
You are giving a complete bed bath and you have just finished washing the back; what area do you wash next? Perineal
The water temperature for _____________ care is 105-109 degrees F. Perineal
After you have finished the complete bed bath and dressed the person you should _____________ the hair. Comb
In a ________________ bath, a towel is completely wet with a solution of water and cleaning, skin-softening, and drying agents. Towel
A ____________ bath has 8-10 washcloths that are pre-moistened with a cleaning agent. Bag
What type of bath does not need any rinsing? Bag
What type of bath involves washing just the face, hands, axillae (underarms), back, buttocks and perineal area? Partial
The temperature for a __________ bath or shower is 105 degrees F. Tub
How many minutes should a tub bath last? Twenty
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: cleaning and _____________ the tub or shower before and after use. Disinfecting
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: checking the hand rails, ___________ ___________ , lifts and other safety aids to make sure they are in working order. Grab bars
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: turning cold water on ________________ hot water. Before
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: turning cold water off ______________ hot water. After
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: directing the water spray ______________ from the person while adjusting water temperature and pressure. Away
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: filling the tub ____________ the person gets into it. Before
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: keeping the water spray directed __________ the person during the shower. Toward
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: not leaving weak, unsteady, or confused persons _____________. Alone
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: staying within _________________ distance if the person can be left alone. Hearing
Safety measures for tub baths and showers include: draining the tub _______________ the person gets out of the tub. Before
If the shower room has more than one station you need to properly _______________ the person. Screen
A back ________________ usually lasts 3-5 minutes. Massage
Lotion reduces _____________ during the massage. Friction
You give back massages after baths and showers and with _____________ care. Evening
When giving a back massage you should use __________ strokes and keep your hands in contact with the person's skin. Firm
Lotion is _____________ before it is applied. Warmed
When giving a back massage you start at the lower back or _______________. Buttocks
Back massages are dangerous for person with certain ____________ and kidney diseases. Heart
Check the _________ __________ before giving a back massage to anyone who has had back injuries or surgeries. Care plan
What types of motions should you use when applying lotion to bony areas? Circular
You should never massage ______________ bony areas. Reddened
What type of care involves cleaning the genital and anal areas? Perineal
Perineal care is done ____________ and whenever the area is soiled with urine or feces. Daily
Perineal care is very important for persons who have urinary ________________. Catheters
Perineal care is very important for persons who have had rectal or genital ____________. Surgery
Perineal care is very important for women who are _____________. Menstruating
Perineal care is very important for persons who are ________________ of urine or feces. Incontinent
Perineal care is very important for men who are ______________. Uncircumcised
When cleaning the perineal are you should always wipe ____________ to back. Front
When cleaning the penis you should wipe ____________ away from the meatus. Downward
When providing perineal care, the ______________ of the uncircumcised male is retracted. Foreskin
If care measures are not recorded it is assumed that care was not ___________. Given
Created by: na3