Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Cells 'First 20'

NCEA L2 Biology Cell Processes

ATP The form of energy used by all living things.
cell The basic unit of life and the building block of all living things.
cell membrane A semi-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boundary of all cells, controlling the entry and exit of substances.
cell wall Cellulose layer that surrounds plant cells (outside the cell membrane).
chloroplast Organelle which is the site of photosynthesis. Structure in plant cells which contains chlorophyll.
cristae Folds on the inner membrane of a mitochondrion. They increase the surface area for reactions to occur on, increasing the amount of ATP which can be produced during respiration.
cytoplasm Jelly-like contents of the cell, located between the cell membrane and the nucleus.
endoplasmic reticulum A network of flattened tube-like membranes throughout the cell. May have ribosomes attached.
glycolysis The first stage of respiration, in which glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid. This stage occurs in the cytoplasm of cells and does not require oxygen.
Golgi bodies System of folded membranes in the cell cytoplasm involved in producing and releasing secretions.
lysosome Membrane-bound sac containing digestive enzymes.
matrix The fluid-filled space enclosed by the inner membrane of mitochondria. It contains many enzymes which can function on the large surface area created by the cristae.
mitochondrion Organelle which is the site of respiration.
nucleus Structure in cell containing the genetic information which controls the activity of the cell.
organelles Various structures within the cytoplasm which have specific functions. Most are enclosed within their own membrane e.g. mitochondria, chloroplasts.
photosynthesis A process in plants in which carbon dioxide and water are converted into glucose (and oxygen) using light energy.
respiration Process in which glucose is broken down to release energy in the form of ATP.
respiration word equation Glucose + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water + energy (ATP)
ribosome Small organelle which is the site of protein synthesis. Free in the cytoplasm and the ‘rough’ of rough endoplasmic reticulum.
vacuole Liquid-filled cavity within the cell cytoplasm. Large in mature plant cells.
Created by: nztcowen
Popular Biology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards