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Chapter 1

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancerous / cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
cis/o to cut
crin/o to secrete
cyst/o urinary bladder / sac / cyst
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephala/o brain
enter/o intestines
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o women / female
hemat/o blood
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment / physician
leuk/o white
log/o study of
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot / clotting
ur/o urinary tract / urine
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision / removal
-emia blood condition
-genic pertaining to
-globin protein
-gram record
-ic -ical pertaining to
-ion process
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-logy process of study
-oma tumor / mass / swelling
-opsy process of viewing
-osis condition / usually abnormal
-pathy disease condition
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visually viewing
-sis state of condition
-tomy process of cutting / incision
-y process / condition
-dia complete / through
endo- within
epi- above / upon
ex- exo- out / outside of / outward
hyper- excessive / above / more than normal
in- into / in
peri- surrounding around
pro- before / forward
re- back / backward / again
retro- behind
sub- below / under
trans- across / through
a- an- no / not / without
aut- auto- self / own
Created by: smook1103