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D - Science - Unit 6

Unit 6 Vocab - Part 2

conduction the transfer of energy through matter from particle to particle
convection the transfer of heat energy in a gas or liquid by movement of currents. (It can also happen is some solids, like sand.)
radiation the direct transfer of electromagnetic waves through space
electromagnetic waves a form of energy that can move through the vacuum of space
infrared radiation a form of electromagnetic energy that has wavelengths that are longer than red light & are not visible, but can be felt as heat
ultraviolet radiation an invisible form of energy with wavelengths that are shorter than violet light
scattering a process where dust particles and gases in the atmosphere reflect light in all directions
greenhouse effect a process where gases hold heat in the air
wind the horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure
anemometer a tool to measure wind speed
wind-chill factor the increased cooling a wind can cause
local wind winds that blow over short distances
sea breeze a local wind that blows from an ocean or lake
land breeze the flow of air from land to a body of water
global wind winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances
Coriolis effect the way Earth's rotation makes winds curve
latitude distance from the equator, measured in degrees
jet stream very strong winds that blow eastward
doldrums regions near the equator with little or no wind where warm air rises
trade winds steady easterly winds
prevailing westerlies winds that blow from the west to the east
polar esterlies polar winds that blow from the east to the west
horse latitudes calm areas of falling air
Created by: lprinke