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Chapter 8-Cells

QuestionAnswer
cell the basic unit of any living organism
prokaryotic cells do not have a distinct nucleus or membrane bound organelles
eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and organelles
organelles structures in cells that carry out specific functions
cell membrane flexible material that holds the contents of a cell; keeps bad things out of a cell and keeps the cytoplasm inside
cell wall found in plant cells; rigid structure made of cellulose that adds support and structure to a cell
nucleus the control center of the cell; where DNA is found
cytoplasm the gelatin like fluid that holds all of the organelles
mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell; digests nutrients and creates energy for the cell
chloroplasts found only in plants; uses sunlight to create and store glucose
golgi body acts like a packaging center to gather, sort and process simple molecules into more complex ones
lysosome contains enzymes that help break down food and remove waste
vacuole storage bin where water and food and waste can be stored; much larger in plants
ribosome proteins are built here by connecting amino acids together
centriole are important for cell division
smooth endoplasmic reticulum acts as a transportation network in a cell; does not have ribosomes attached
rough endoplasmic reticulum acts as a transportation network in a cell; has ribosomes attached
nucleolus sphere shape found inside the nucleus that helps make ribosomes for the ER
autotroph organism that can make its own food
heterotroph organism that relies on other organisms for energy
Created by: tduvall