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Endocrine Hormones

HormoneTarget OrganEffect on TargetGland
Human Growth Hormone (hGH) Bones and muscles Increases cell division and protein synthesis
Prolactin (PRl) Mammary glands Milk production after giving birth
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Thyroid gland Causes the thyroid to produce hormones
Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH) The cortex of the adrenal gland Causes the adrenal gland to produce hormones
Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH) Melanocytes Increases production of melanin
Leutinizing Hormone (LH) Gonads In ovaries: causes estrogen production In testes: causes testosterone production
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Gonads In ovaries: causes maturation of follicle into an egg In testes: causes production of sperm
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Kidneys Causes water to be reabsorbed into the blood from the tubules
Oxytocin Uterus and mammary glands Causes uterine contractions (labour) and helps milk move through the mammary glands
Melatonin Hypothalamus Causes wake and sleep patterns
Thymosine Lymph glands and bone marrow Increases production of white blood cells
Triiodothyronine Body cells Effects all body cells differently
Thyroxin Body cells Controls metabolism
Calcitonin Blood and bones Removes calcium from blood and puts it into the bones
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Blood and bones Removes calcium from bones and puts it into the blood
Adrenalin Body cells, organs and sympathetic nervous system Increases heart and breathing rate, etc Converts glycogen into glucose to increase ATP levels
Aldosterone Kidneys Absorbs sodium and water from the loop of henle
Cortisol Liver and muscles Converts non carbohydrates into glucose
Glucagon Liver and muscles cells Converts glycogen into glucose
Insulin Liver and muscles Converts glucose into glycogen
Somatastatin (SS or SST or SOM) Hypothalamus, pancreas and gastrointestinal tract Hypothalamus: inhibits the releasing factors for hGH and Pancreas:inhibits insulin and glucagon Gastrointestinal tract: reduces gastric secretions
Leptin Hypothalamus Regulates fat storage by suppressing appetite
Testosterone Body cells and testes 1° characteristics: sperm production 2° characteristics: hair growth, voice change, body shape, thicker bones
Estrogen Body cells and ovaries 1° characteristic: maturation of follicle into egg 2° characteristic: breast development, fat deposits, body shape
Progesterone Uterus Thickens the endometrium and prepares for pregnancy Inhibits FSH and LH
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Adrenal Cortex
Adrenal Cortex
Fat Cells
Created by: Mystyn