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Kidney Disease

QuestionAnswer
What are symptoms of kidney disease? Fatigue; puffy eyes; swollen face, hands, abdomen, ankles, feet; increase thirst; difficult, painful urination, foamy urine, pink/dark urine
If untreated, what can kidney disease lead to? heart disease, weak bones, nerve damage, high blood pressure, kidney failure, anemia, death
What are some predisposing risk factors of kidney disease? obstruction, pregnancy, age (>60), obesity, diabetes, high BP, heart disease, race, prolonged use of NSAID's, catheterization and chronic UTIs, autoimmune diseases, instrumentation, compromised urine flow
What are some test to determine kidney function? Microalbumin, creatinine in blood, GFR, IV pyelogram
An IV pyelogram is used to diagnose? anatomical defects, loss of renal parenchyma cells from chronic pyelonephritis, obstructive lesions
What do healthy kidney's do? regulate the body's fluid levels, activate Vitamin D to maintain healthy bones, filter wastes and toxins from the blood, releases erythropoietin, releases aldosterone and ADH, maintains electrolyte balance.
Created by: slints