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Chapter 3 Holt

Carroll County-Chapter 3: Mr. C

What is an amendment? A change to the Constitution
What does veto mean? Rejection of legislation
What does separation of powers mean? That no single branch of government has too much authority
What does repealed mean? To reverse because of a legislative act
What is an executive agreement? A Presidential decision with a foreign government that does not need Senate approval
What does checks and balances mean? That each branch of government has the power to "constitutional arms for its own defense"
What is a political party? an organized group that attempts to win elections and influence the government's actions
What is popular sovereignty? Government's authority comes from the people
What is judicial review? Court's power to evaluate whether government actions are valid under the Constitution
What are the Bill of Rights? The first ten amendments
What amendment protects state powers not specifically listed in the Constitution? The Tenth Amendment
What is the cabinet? The heads of all the Executive Departments that advise the President
What are the five freedoms stated in the First Amendment? Religion, assembly, petition, press, and speech
Who has the power to pass laws that interpret the Constitution? Congress
What is gridlock? Is when political opponents block one another's legislation
Created by: rdchiar