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Genetics Study Guide

TermDefinition
What is a chromosome? a thread like structure of nucleic acids and proteins containing genetic information
What is a karyotype? the number/visual appearance of a chromosome in the cell of an organism
Define Heredity? the passing on of physical/mental traits genetically from one to another
What is the P generation? the start of Mendel's work on inheritance
What is the F1 generation? the first of the offspring with distinctively different parental types.
What is the F2 generation?
What did Mendel find in hi studies breeding pea plants?
What does it mean for a trait to be dominant?
What does it mean for a trait to be recessive?
What is a gene?
What did Mendel call genes?
What is an allele?
What does it mean for alleles to be dominant or recessive?
What does it mean for an allele to be heterozygous dominant?
Is it possible to be heterozygous recessive?
What is a phenotype? Provide an example
What is a genotype? Provide an example
Explain the purpose of a Punnett square?
How can a Punnett square's probability be represented?
What I Mendel's law of segregation?
What is Mendel's law of independent assortment?
What is dihybrid cross? *Know how to set up a dihybrid cross *Know how to figure out the possible gamete combinations from a parent's genotype?
What is incomplete dominance? What will an incomplete dominant phenotype look like? Provide an example
How can the environment influence gene expression?
What is codominance? What will the phenotype look like? Provide an example
What are the different human blood types?
What are the possible genotypes for each blood type?
What does it mean for a trait to be sex linked?
What is the difference between sex chromosomes and autosomal chromosomes?
What sex chromosomes do males have? What sex chromosome do females have?
What is nondisjunction? What types of problems can it cause?
What is a pedigree? What can it be used for?
Summarize how mutations influence traits.
Created by: Tae_Tae