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HA Module 2

Breast and Regional Lymphatics

areola pigmented area approximately 2.5 to 10 cm in diameter that surrounds the nipple
labules (of the breast) grapelike bunches that are clustered around several lactiferous ducts; each lope is composed of 20 to 40 lobules that contain milk-producing glands called alveoli or acini
mastectomy excision or surgical removal of the breast
breasts pair of mammary glands located on the anterior chest wall extending vertically from the second to the sixth rib and laterally from the sternal border to the axillae
colostrum a thin milky secretion expressed by the breast during pregnancy and for a few days after parturition; is rich in antibodies and colostrum corpuscles
axillary nodes lymphoid organs composed of four groups: central axillary, pectoral (anterior), subscapular (posterior) and lateral
cooper's ligaments connective tissue fibers that extend vertically from the deep fascia through the breast to the inner layer of the skin that provide support for the breast tissue
granulomatous reaction (in the breast) development of small, nodular inflammatory lesions and capsular membranes over the breasts
lactiferous ducts openings at the nipple through which milk and colostrum are excreted
nipple a round, hairless pigmented protrusion of erectile tissue approximately 0.5 to 1.5 cm in diameter located in the center of the breast
montgomery's tubercles sebaceous glands present on the surface of the areola
peau d'Orange thickening or edema of the breast tissue or nipple; may present as enlarge skin pores that give the appearance of an orange rind
paget's disease malignant neoplasm, which is usually unilateral in its involvement and presents as persistent eczematous dermatitis of the areola and nipple
milk line ectodermal galactic band that develops from the axillae to the groin during the fifth week of fetal development
augmentation mammoplasty surgical breast enhancement
ectodermal galactic band see milk line
tail of spence upper outer quadrant of the breast that extends into the axilla
retromammary adipose tissue tissue that constitutes the bulk of the breast
gynecomastia enlargement of male breast tissue; may occur normally in adolescent and elderly males
supernumerary nipples extra nipples or breast tissue along the milk line that results from incomplete atrophy of the ectodermal galactic band
alveoli (of the breast) milk-producing glands located in the lobules; also called acini
lymphatic drainage yellow alkaline drainage originating in the lymph vessels that is composed primarily of lymphocytes
lobes (of the breast) glandular breast tissue arranged radially in the form of 12 to 20 spokes
Created by: anay26643