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HA Module 1

Head, Neck, Regional Lymphatics

TermDefinition
stroke (cerebrovascular accident) acute neurological deficit w/ paralysis of the lower facial muscles. the upper half of the face is not affected
temporal artery pulsation is palpable anterior to the ear
acromegaly abnormal enlargement of the skull, bony facial structures, and bones of the extremities, caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone
craniosynostosis abnormal shape of the skull d/t premature ossification of one or more suture lines before brain growth is complete
hypertelorism abnormal width between the eyes
axis 2nd cervical vertebra
Bell's palsy idiopathic facial palsy of CN VII resulting in asymmetry of the palpebral fissures, nasolabial folds, mouth and facial expression on the affected side
isthmus (of the thyroid) narrow portion of the thyroid gland that connects the two lobes and lies over the tracheal rings
atlas 1st cervical vertebra
cranial bones includes frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal bones
craniotabes softening of the skull
down syndrome congenital chromosomal aberration (trisomy 21) marked by slanted eyes w/ inner epicanthal folds, a short flat nose, a protruding thick tongue, and mental retardation
anterior triangle area of the neck formed by the mandible, trachea and sternomastoid muscle, contains the anterior cervical lymph notes, the trachea and the thyroid gland
sutures immovable joints connecting the cranial bones
lipoma nonmobile fatty mass with a smooth circular edge
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
torticollis lateral deviation of the neck; intermittent or sustained dystonic contraction of the muscles on one side of the neck
hydrocephalus enlargement of the head without enlargement of the facial structures; d/t increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain
vertebra prominens the long spinous process of the seventh cervical vertebra (C7) is palpable when the head is flexed
bregma junction of the coronal and saggital sutures
posterior triangle area of the neck between the sternomastoid and the trapezius muscles, with the clavicle at the base, contains the posterior cervical lymph nodes
salivary glands include the parotid glands in the cheeks over the mandible, the submandibular glands beneath the mandible and the sublingual glands in the floor of the mouth
Created by: anay26643