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1-Science

A Way of Thinking

TermDefinition
Scientific method a way to conduct scientific inquiry. It guides scientists as they ask and answer questions about the world
scientific inquiry the different ways that scientists explore the world
Research scientists and students spend time reading papers and books on past research before beginning their own experiments
Observation Scientists explore and collect information with their senses (smell, sight, sound, touch, and taste) and ask questions that they would like to answer
Data pieces of information collected before, during, and after an experiment.
Hypothesis a predicted answer to a scientific question or an educated guess that may explain an observation
Variable Factors that can be changed and controlled in an experiment
Conclusion a statement that tells whether or not the hypothesis was correct
Dependent variable the variable scientists observe or measure to see if it is affected by a change in the independent variable. This is also known as the responding variable.
Independent variable the variable scientists change in the experiment. This is also known as the manipulated variable
Control group A setup where nothing is changed. It helps you understand what happens when you don’t make any changes.
Controlled experiments an experiment in which all conditions except one are held constant
Controlled variables things that should not change during an experiment
Experimental groups A setup where the independent variable is changed.
Law description of a natural event or phenomenon shown to occur again and again under the same conditions
Theory an explanation of an event or phenomenon that is well supported by data.
Created by: rvotaw