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Chapter 11

Preventing Falls

QuestionAnswer
The risk of falling _______________ with age. Increases
Falling can be a sign of other ______________ problems. Health
A _____________ of falls increases the risk of falling again. History
_____________ are the most common accidents in nursing centers. Falls
Most falls occur in resident rooms and ______________. Bathrooms
Causes of falls include poor lighting, cluttered ______________, incorrect bed height, and out-of-place furniture. Floors
Causes of falls include __________ and slippery floors, bathtubs, and showers. Wet
______________ can cause falls if they do not fit the person, are not locked during transfers, or are in poor repair. Wheelchairs
Rushing to the ___________ is a major cause of falls. Bathroom
Most falls occur from 4pm-8pm and during _____________ change. Shift
Factors increasing the risk of falls include incorrect __________ height. Bed
Factors increasing the risk of falls include care ____________ such as IV poles, drainage tubes and drainage bags. Equipment
Factors increasing the risk of falls include strange and ______________ settings. Unfamiliar
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include problems with _______________. Balance
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include confusion and ___________________. Disorientation
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include a _______________ of falls. History
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include urinary or fecal __________________. Incontinence
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include _______________ pain and stiffness. Joint
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include ________________ side effects. Medication
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include _______________ mobility. Decreased
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include _________________ weakness. Muscle
Factors affecting the person that increase the risk of falling include poorly fitting _______________. Shoes
The goal of the health team is to _____________ falls without decreasing the person's quality of life. Decrease
A bed __________ is a device that serves as a guard or barrier along the side of the bed. Rail
Another term for bed rail is _____________ rail. Side
The nurse and the care plan tell you when to ____________ bed rails. Raise
Safety measures to prevent falls include meeting fluid and ___________ needs. Food
Safety measures to prevent falls include making sure eyeglasses and hearing aids are _____________ as needed. Worn
Safety measures to prevent falls include _______________ the person properly when in bed, a chair, or a wheelchair. Positioning
Safety measures to prevent falls include using the correct procedures and good body mechanics when ______________ the person. Transferring
Safety measures to prevent falls include having ______________ surfaces or mats in showers and tubs. Non-slip
Safety measures to prevent falls include making sure there are _______ __________ in bathroom showers and near toilets. Grab bars
Safety measures to prevent falls include not using area ____________ that a person may trip over. Rugs
Safety measures to prevent falls include wiping up ______________ right away. Spills
Safety measures to prevent falls include keeping equipment and supplies are on one side of the _______________. Hallway
Safety measures to prevent falls include chairs that have _____________ to give support when standing or sitting. Armrests
Safety measures to prevent falls include keeping the phone, lamp, and personal belongings within the person's ______________. Reach
Safety measures to prevent falls include keeping the bed in the ______________ horizontal position except when giving care. Lowest
Safety measures to prevent falls include using bed ____________ according to the care plan. Rails
Safety measures to prevent falls include ____________ the wheels of bed, wheelchairs, and stretchers before transferring the person. Locking
Safety measures to prevent falls include putting ____________ footwear on the person. Non-skid
Safety measures to prevent falls include teaching the person how to use the _________ __________. Call light
Safety measures to prevent falls include ______________ call lights promptly. Answering
Safety measures to prevent falls include using bed, chair, door, and belt _______ to alert staff to a person trying to get up, get out of bed, or open a door. Alarms
Safety measures to prevent falls include ____________ to alarms at once. Responding
Safety measures to prevent falls include using ___________ wristbands on persons at risk for falls. Yellow
What is it called when a person can get caught, trapped, or entangled in the bed rails? Entrapment
Bed rails are considered _______________ by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987. Restraints
Bed rails cannot be used unless needed to treat a person's _______________ symptoms. Medical
You should ____________ a person often if they are using bed rails. Check
When raising the bed to give care to a person who has bed rails you should always leave the far rail ______________ if you are working alone. Up
When raising the bed to give care to a person who does not use bed rails you should ask a _____________ to stand on the opposite side on the bed. Co-worker
Never leave a person ___________ when the bed is raised. Alone
Always ______________ the bed when you are done giving care. Lower
What is used in hallways and stairways to support persons who are weak or unsteady when walking? Hand rails
What is used in bathroom and shower/tub rooms to support persons when sitting down or getting up from a toilet and in and out of a tub/shower? Grab bars
What is used to support a person who is unsteady or disabled during transfers or walking? Transfer belt
What is another name for a transfer belt? Gait belt
When a person starts to fall when standing or walking you should never try to ________ the fall. Prevent
If you try to prevent a fall you could _____________ yourself or the other person. Injure
If a persons needs assistance moving from one place to another you must always use a ____________ _____________. Transfer belt
When using a transfer belt always follow the manufacturer ______________. Instructions
On a transfer belt with a quick release buckle you should position the buckle at the person's _____________ but not over the spine. Back
When applying the transfer belt, you should tuck the excess strap under the ________. Belt
Is the transfer belt applied over or under clothing? Over
To be certain that the transfer belt is snug you should be able to slide an open, __________ hand between the belt and the person. Flat
If a person starts to fall, you should __________ them to the floor in order to control the direction of the fall. Ease
If a person falls you need to ____________ them on the floor until the nurse checks for injuries. Keep
If you find a person on the floor, you should not ___________ them but stay with the person and call for the nurse. Move
What type of report is filled out when a person falls? Incident
Created by: na3