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Chapter 8

The Older Person

QuestionAnswer
What are the physical changes that are measured and that occur in a steady, orderly manner? Growth
What relates to the changes in mental, emotional, and social function? Development
What is a skill that must be completed during a stage of development? Development task
A developmental stage cannot be _____________________ because each stage is the basis for the next stage. Skipped
One stage of growth and development for someone in middle adulthood (40-64 years) is adjusting to _________________ changes. Physical
One stage of growth and development for someone in middle adulthood (40-64 years) is having _________________ children. Grown
One stage of growth and development for someone in middle adulthood (40-64 years) is developing leisure-time ___________. Activities
One stage of growth and development for someone in middle adulthood (40-64 years) is adjusting to ________________ parents. Aging
One stage of growth and development for someone in late adulthood (65+ years) is adjusting to decreased strength and loss of ______________. Health
One stage of growth and development for someone in late adulthood (65+ years) is adjusting to retirement and reduced _________________. Income
One stage of growth and development for someone in late adulthood (65+ years) is coping with a partner's ________________. Death
One stage of growth and development for someone in late adulthood (65+ years) is developing new _____________ and relationships. Friends
One stage of growth and development for someone in late adulthood (65+ years) is preparing for one's own ______________. Death
What is the study of the aging process? Gerontology
What is the care of aging people? Geriatrics
Aging is a _______________ process, it is not a disease. Normal
Psychological, social and physical changes with aging are often ________________. Slow
Many older persons enjoy a fulfilling ___________life. Sex
Most older persons live in their own ___________________. Homes
In some instances, _________________ care for older parents. Children
Living with children makes some older persons feel more _______________. Secure
Sometimes older persons living with children feel ____________, in the way and useless. Unwanted
When a older person lives with their children sometimes ______________ occurs between family members. Tension
The _____________ and degree of the physical changes of aging differ with each person. Rate
Normal aging does not necessarily mean loss of ______________. Health
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the skin losing elasticity, strength and _______________ tissue layer. Fatty
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the appearance of _____________, fold lines and brown spots. Wrinkles
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the skin becoming more ______________ and easily injured. Fragile
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: an increase risk of skin breakdown, skin tears, and pressure ______________. Ulcers
Brown spots on the skin are common on the wrists and ____________. Hands
The loss of the skin's fatty tissue layer affects body temperature making the person more sensitive to ______________ temperatures. Cold
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the skin becoming ___________ which makes the use of lotions and creams important. Dry
A shower or bath ______________ a week is enough for normal hygiene. Twice
A __________________ bath is given on the days a person does not shower. Partial
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the nails becoming ______________ and tough. Thick
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the sensitivity to heat, cold, pressure and pain is decreased due to the skin having fewer _______________ endings. Nerve
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: the whitening or graying of ________________. Hair
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: hair ______________ or thinning in men and women. Loss
Changes in the integumentary system as one ages includes: hair that is drier from decreases in scalp __________________. Oils
Changes in the musculo-skeletal system as one ages includes: muscles cells decreasing in number causing muscles to ______________ and lose strength. Atrophy
Changes in the musculo-skeletal system as one ages includes: bones losing strength and becoming brittle and more prone to ________________. Breaking
Changes in the musculo-skeletal system as one ages includes: loss of height due to vertebrae ______________. Shortening
Changes in the musculo-skeletal system as one ages includes: a decrease in __________________ which makes activity and exercise important. Mobility
Due to changes in the musculo-skeletal system a diet high in protein, __________________ and vitamins is needed. Calcium
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: a loss of ______________ cells. Nerve
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: the slowing of nerve conduction and _____________________. Reflexes
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: reduced blood flow to the brain which could result in dizziness and an increase risk of _______________. Falls
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: shorter memory, increased ____________________ and slower responses. Forgetfulness
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: shorter sleep periods and difficulty ________________ asleep. Falling
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: reduced sensitivity to ______________ and pressure as well to heat and cold. Pain
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: decreases in the number of taste buds resulting in decreases in _________________. Appetitie
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: dulling of taste and smell causing some older people to complain that food has no ____________ or tastes bitter. Taste
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: a preference for salty and _________________ foods because person are more likely to be able to taste these foods. Sweet
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: the ______________ to become smaller and respond less to changes in lighting. Pupil
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: vision problems when going from a ______________ to brightly lit room. Dark
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: becoming more farsighted which is called __________________. Presbyopia
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: hearing changes in the ________________ nerve. Auditory
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: atrophy (shrinking) of the eardrums making ______________-pitched sounds hard to hear. High
Changes in the nervous system as one ages includes: a hardening and thickening of earwax as wax secretion ____________________. Decreases
Changes in the circulatory system as one ages includes: a weakening of the heart muscle that causes it to pump with less ________________. Force
Changes in the circulatory system as one ages includes: a narrowing of arteries making them less ____________________. Elastic
Changes in the circulatory system as one ages includes: a ________________ amount of blood flowing through narrow arteries. Reduced
Changes in the circulatory system as one ages includes: poor ______________ in many body parts due to less blood flow. Circulation
If circulatory changes are severe, _____________ is needed during the day and over-exertion is avoided. Rest
Changes in the respiratory system as one ages includes: a weakening of respiratory muscles causing lung tissue to be __________________. Elastic
Changes in the respiratory system as one ages includes: a lack of ________________ to cough and clear the airway of secretions. Strength
Changes in the respiratory system as one ages includes: respiratory complications from bedrest making turning, re-positioning and deep ___________________ important for the person. Breathing
Breathing is usually easiest in the _________________ position. Semi-Fowler's
Changes in the digestive system as one ages includes: the salivary glands producing less saliva which can cause dysphagia which is difficulty ___________________. Swallowing
Changes in the digestive system as one ages includes: a decrease in the secretion of digestive juices making fried and _______________ foods hard to digest. Fatty
Changes in the digestive system as one ages may include chewing problems and constipation causing the person to need to eat foods that provide soft _______________. Bulk
Foods that provide soft bulk include _________________ cereals and cooked fruits and vegetables. Whole-grain
As one ages energy and activity levels decrease therefore the person needs ________________ calories. Fewer
Changes in the urinary system as one ages includes: a decrease in kidney function as the kidney __________________ (shrink) Atrophy
Changes in the urinary system as one ages includes: reduced _____________ flow to the kidneys. Blood
Changes in the urinary system as one ages includes: weakened bladder muscles _________________ which can cause urinary incontinence. Weaken
Changes in the urinary system as one ages includes: a decrease in bladder size causing the bladder to store ____________ urine. Less
Changes in the urinary system as one ages includes: urinary frequency and __________________ may occur due to weakened bladder muscles and the decrease in bladder size. Urgency
Changes in the urinary system as one ages includes: enlargement of the ___________________ gland in men. Prostate
Enlargement of the prostate puts pressure on the _________________ resulting in difficulty Urethra
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as men age includes: a decrease in the hormone _____________________. Testosterone
To reduce the need to urinate at night, most fluids should be consumed before ________________ p.m. Five
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as men age includes: an erection that takes _______________ to achieve. Longer
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as men age includes: a longer phase between an erection and an ________________. Orgasm
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as men age includes: orgasms that are less _____________________ than when younger. Forceful
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as men age includes: erections that are _________ quickly. Lost
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as women age includes: the thinning of _________________ walls and vaginal dryness. Vaginal
Changes in the reproductive system that occur as men age includes: shrinking of the _________________, vagina and genitalia. Uterus
What is it called when a woman has not had a menstrual period for a least one year? Menopause
When an older person lives with an adult child and cannot be left at home alone where do they go during the day? Adult daycare center
Created by: na3