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09 CAC Urology

Chapter 36 Urology, The Paramedic Will Chapleau

QuestionAnswer
Acute Renal Failure Deterioration of renal function over a period of hours or days, results in accumulation of metabolic waste products(notrogenous compounds in blood)
Etiologies of ARF, Pre-renal Most common cause of ARF,any condition that decreases perfusion before blood reaches the kidneys such as shock.Fluid can also be lost if pooling in confined spaces aka Third Spacing.Causes(Hemorrhage,Sespsis,Stenosis)
Etioologies of ARF,Intrinsic Diseases of Kidneys themselves,(HIV,Diabetes,Wegeners granulomatosis)
Etiologies of ARF,Post-reneal Obstructive Renal Failure, caused by obstruction of urinary tract at any level(Kidney Stones,Prostate Cancer,Clots,Trauma,Polyps)
Organs of Genitourinary tract Kidneys,Ureters,bladder,uretha,prostate,testicles.
Chronic Renal Failure Disease by gradual permanent and irreversable loss of kidney function due to destruction of of the nephrons.
End Stage Renal Disease Irreversable loss of reneal function
Rhabdomyolysis Disintegration of the muscle when injured,can break down and release myoglobin into bloodstream which has a devastaing effect on the kidney and may cause renal failure.
Most common cause of death in ARF Hyperkalemia
Signs of Hyperkalemia Peaking T wave and shortening of QT interval and ST depression. As Serum rises changes may be followed by bundle branch block,flat p waves and increse PR interval.
Peritoneal Dialysis (Most common Type) Silicone rubber catheter inserted into peritoneal cavity in abd wall. Dialysate fluid is ciculated and waste and fluids diffuse across peritoneum which acts as a filter.
Hernia Protusion of an organ or other bodily structure through the wall that normally contains it.
Inguinal Hernia Occurs in the inguinal or in your ball sack..
Created by: SullenFF