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A&P Terminology

TermDefinition
a-, ab- away from
abdomin- of or relating to the abdomen
acous- of or relating to hearing
a-, an- without, not
ad- to, toward
aden- gland
adip- fat or fatty tissue
aesthesio- sensation
ambi- positioned on both sides
angio- blood vessel
ano- anus
ante- before
anti- against
arthr- joint
aur- pertaining to the ear
auto- self
axill- pertaining to the armpit
bi- two
bili- bile
bio- life
blast-, -blast germ or bud
brachi- arm
brady- slow
bucc- pertaining to the cheek
burs- bursa
cardi- heart
carp(o)- wrist
cephal- head
cerebr- brain
chole- gall bladder, bile
chondr- cartilage
chrom- color
cili- pertaining to cilia, the eyelashes; eyelids
circum- around
clast- break
col-, colo-, colono- pertaining to the colon
contra- against
corp- body
cost- rib
cox- pertaining to the hip
crani(o)- pertaining to the cranium
cyst- pertaining to the bladder
cyt- cell
de- remove, decrease
dent- teeth
derm- skin
di- two
dia- through
dis- separation, taking apart
dors(o)-, dors(I)- pertaining to the back
dys- bad, difficult
ect- outside, away from
encephal(o)- pertaining to the brain
end- in, within
enter- intestine
ep-, epi- upon, above
episi- pertaining to the pubic region
erythr- red
eu- good, normal
ex- out, away from
extra- outside
filia-, filli- fine, hair like
galact- milk
gastr- stomach
gloss- tongue
gluc- glyc- sweet, glucose
gynec- woman
hema- blood
hemi- half
hepat- liver
hetero- varied, mixed
hist- tissue
homeo- similar, like
hydr- water, hydrogen
hyper- above, more than
hypo- below, less than
hyster- uterus
in- into, not
infra- below, underlying
inter- between
intra- within
ipse- same
iso- equal
juxta- next to
labi(o)- lip
lacrim(o)- tear
lact(I)- lact(o)- milk
lapar(o)- pertaining to the abdomen- wall or flank
laryng(o)- pertaining to the larynx (voice box)
later(o)- lateral
leuk- white
lip(o)- fat
macro- large
mal- bad
mega- large, giant
melan(o)- black color
mening(o)- membrane
mero- part
meso- middle
micro- small, tiny
mono- one
morph- shape, form
muscul(o)- muscle
myel- muscle
myo- muscle
necr- dead
neo- new
nephr- kidney
neur- nerve
normo- normal
ocul(o)- pertaining to the eye
odont(o)- pertaining to the teeth
onych(o)- pertaining to the nail of a finger or toe
oophor(o)- woman's ovary
opthalm- eye
or(o)- mouth
orth(o)- denoting something as straight or correct
osseo- bony
ossi- bone
ost- bone
ot- ear
ov- egg
para- beside
path- disease
ped-, -ped-, -pes foot
peri- around
phag- eat
pharyng(o)- pharynx
phleb- vein
phren(I)-, phren- diaphragm
pleur(o)-, pleure(a)- pertaining to the ribs
pneumo- air
polio- gray
poly- many
post- behind, after
pre- before, in front of
presby(o)- old age
pro- early, before, giving rise to
psych- mind
pulm- lung
pyo- pus
pyro- fever
ren- kidney
retro- behind
rhin(o)- pertaining to the nose
salping(o)- pertaining to the fallopian tubes
sarc- flesh, muscle
schiz(o)- denoting something 'split' or 'double-sided'
scler- tough, hard
semi- partial, half
sinister(o)- left, left side
somat(o)-, somatico- body, bodily
sperma-, spermo-, spermato- semen, spermatozoa
spleen(o)- spleen
stom(a)- mouth
sub- beneath, below
super-, supra- above, greater
syn-, sym- connecting, with
tachy- rapid, accelerated
thromb- clot
tono- tone, pressure
tox(I)-, tox(o)-, taxico- toxin, poison
trache(o)- trachea
trans- across
tympan(o)- eardrum
ultra- greater, beyond
uni- one
ur- urine
vagin- pertaining to the vagina
vas- tubule, vessel
ventr(o)- pertaining to the belly, stomach
viscer(o)- pertaining to the internal organs, the viscera
-algia pain
-ase enzyme
-crine to secrete
-ectomy cut out, surgically remove
-emia blood
-gen producing
-graph writing
-ic pertaining to
-ist one who specializes in
-itis inflammation
-logy denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field
-lysis splitting
-meter measure
-oid like, similar to
-ole small
-opia vision
-osis state of having or being
-ostomy opening
-penia absence or deficiency
-plasm fluid
-plegia, -plexy paralysis, stroke
-phea, -pnoea respiration
-rrage to burst forward, excessive discharge
-rrhea, -rrhoea flow
-sect cut
-some, some body
-stomy make an opening
-tomy cutting
-trope to turn
-trophe nourishment
-ule, -ulus small
Created by: NicholeSieck