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Endocrine Hormones

HormoneTargetEffectSource
Thyroid Releasing Hormone Anterior Pituitary stimulate thyroxine secretion hypothalamus
Human Growth Hormone (hGH) long bones increases cell division (growth) anterior pituitary
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) thyroid stimulate thyroxin secretion anterior pituitary
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) adrenal cortex secretion of cortisol and aldosterone Anterior Pituitary
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) growing follicle in ovary stimulate oogenesis and estrogen production anterior pituitary
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) maturing follicle and corpus leteum in ovary stimulate oocyte maturation, ovulation, and then progesterone secretion of corpusluteum Anterior Pituitary
Prolactin (PRL) mammary glands stimulate milk production anterior pituitary
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Kidney (collecting duct) increase re-absorption of water into bloodstream produced in hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary
Oxytocin (OCT) smooth muscle of uterus and breasts increase contraction of smooth muscle produced in hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary
Thyroxine (T4) Most cells. increases cells' rate of metabolism an cellular respiration. || Regulation: stimulated by TSH from anterior pituitary --> released thyroxine. Inhibited by negative feedback. High levels of thyroxine inhibit secretion of TSH. thyroid
Calcitonin Bone; Kidney take calcium out of the blood and store it in bone; decrease Ca2+ re-absorption thyroid
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Bone, kidney; small intestine release calcium into bloodstream parathyroids
Cortisol (Glucocorticoids) liver, muscles; immune system breakdown of carbohydrates, fat and protein to increase blood glucose levels in times of long term stress; suppress immune system Adrenal Cortex
Aldosterone (Mineralocorticoids) kidney (distal tubule and collecting duct) re-absorb Na+ and water into bloodstream Adrenal Cortex
Epinephrine & Norepinephrine Pupils; salivary glands; heart; bronchioles; digestive system; liver reinforce sympathetic nervous system "fight or flight" response to stress Adrenal Medulla
Insulin All body cells; liver increase cell permeability to glucose; convert glucose to glycogen beta cells - islets of Langerhands (pancreas)
Glucagon Liver convert glycogen to glucose (increase blood glucose levels) Alpha cells - islets of Langerhans (pancreas)
Estrogen Uterus; hair follicles, breasts, fat deposits, hips broader than shoulders rebuild endometrium after menstrual flow phase; develop seconday sex characteristics at puberty. growing follicle in ovary
Progesterone uterus thicken/maintain endometrium after ovulation corpus luteum in ovary
Testosterone hair follicles, oil glands, larynx, muscles, shoulders broader than hips; sertoli cells in seminiferous tubules develop secondary sex characteristics at puberty; spermatogenesis interstitial cells of testes
Thyroid Inhibiting Hormone thyroid stimulate thyroxin secretion anterior pituitary
Gonadotropin anterior pituitary stimulate FSH and LH secretion hypothalamus
Gonadocorticoids (GnGH) many tissues in male and female secondary sex characteristics adrenal cortex
Created by: Carlie588