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Water issues Africa

Water issues in Africa

water scarcity not having enough water to meet the needs of the population - less than 1000 cubic meters of water per person
water stress water in danger of becoming scarce - less than 1500 cubic meters per person
desertification land becoming desert in areas formerly farmland
deforestation cutting down of trees and clearing of vegetation due to human development
list three main environmental issues of Africa water scarcity and pollution, deforestation (poor soil) and desertification
What is causing the environmental issues associated with the Nile River? overpopulation, animal and human waste, poor sanitation, fertilizers
What are some causes of water pollution in Africa? factories, people and animal waste, overpopulation, frequency of parasites living in standing water
How has industrialization added to the water pollution problem and why is it ignored by some government officials in Africa? factories pollute the water but the increased profit is helping the economy so regulations and environmental issues are not a major concern for the countries involved
Explain why water wars might occur in areas that have large rivers in Africa. Water is a basic need for life; large populations live near river systems and when dams are built which restrict water flow downstream, conflicts can occur.
How has the Aswan Dam affected farming in Africa? Annual flooding no longer occurs on the Nile River thus fertile or rich soil is no longer left behind but irrigation is now used year-round. Use of fertilizers have led to salt buildup which causes the soil to be useless.
What are causes of desertification and what areas of Africa are affected? Poor farming techniques, overuse of land, overgrazing by animals, cutting down of trees and other vegetation results in desertification in areas such as the Sahara/Sahel.
What is a major use of the Niger River? Used for transportation and agriculture
What is a major use of the Congo River? transportation of goods and people from the interior of Africa to the Atlantic Ocean
What countries does the Nile River flow through? Egypt, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Zaire.
Created by: darcymcfarlane



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