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Health Concepts

CH. 12 - Nursing Care of Patients Having Surgery

TermDefinition
ADJUNCT AN ADDITION TO THE PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE OR COURSE OF THERAPY
ANESTHESIA LACK OF FEELING OR SENSATION; ARTIFICIALLY INDUCED LOSS OF ABILITY TO FEEL PAIN
ANESTHESIOLOGIST A PHYSICIAL WHO SPECIALIZES IN ANESTHESIOLOGY
ASEPTIC FREE OF PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS; ASEPSIS
ATELECTASIS COLLAPSED/AIRLESS CONDITION OF THE LUNG, CAUSED BY OBSTRUCTION OR HYPOVENTILATION
DEBRIDEMENT THE REMOVAL OF FOREIGN MATERIAL AND CONTAMINATED AND DEVITALIZED TISSUES FROM OR ADJACENT TO A TRAUMATIC OR INFECTED AREA UNTIL SURROUNDING HEALTHY TISSUE IS EXPOSED
DEHISCENCE A SPLITTING OPEN (RUPTURE) OF AN INCISION
EVISCERATION EXTRUSION OF VISCERA OUTSIDE THE BODY, ESPECIALLY THROUGH A SURGICAL EXCISION
HEMATOMA A LOCALIZED COLLECTION OF BLOOD, USUALLY CLOTTED, IN AN ORGAN, SPACE, OR TISSUE
HYPOTHERMIA BODY TEMP. BELOW 95 DEG. F
INDUCTION THE PROCESS OR ACT OF CAUSING TO OCCUR AS IN ANESTHESIA INDUCTION
INTRAOPERATIVE OCCURRING DURING A SURGICAL PROCEDURE
PERIOPERATIVE OCCURRING IN THE PERIOD IMMEDIATELY BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER SURGERY
POSTOPERATIVE FOLLOWING A SURGICAL OPERATION
PREOPERATIVE PRECEDING AN OPERATION
PURULENT FLUID THAT CONTAINS PUS
SEROSANGUINEOUS FLUID CONSITING OF SERUM & BLOOD
SURGEON A MEDICAL PRACTITIONER WHO SPECIALIZES IN SURGERY
SURGERY THE USE OF INSTRUMENTS DURING AN OPERATION TO TREAT INJURIES, DISEASES, & DEFORMITIES; SCHEDULED BASED ON URGENCY
-ECTOMY REMOVAL BY CUTTING
-ORRHAPHY SUTURE OF OR REPAIR
-OSCOPY LOOKING INTO
-OSTOMY FORMATION OF A PERMANENT ARTIFICIAL OPENING
-OTOMY INCISION OR CUTTING INTO
-PLASTY FORMATION OR REPAIR
EMERGENCY IMMEDIATE SURGERY NEED TO SAVE LIFE/LIMB
URGENT SURGERY NEEDED WITHIN 24-30 HRS.
ELECTIVE PLANNED/SCHEDULED, W/ NO TIME REQUIREMENTS
OPTIONAL SURGERY REQUESTED BY THE PATIENT
AESTHETIC REQUESTED BY PT. FOR IMPROVEMENT
DIAGNOSTIC TO OBTAIN TISSUE SAMPLES TO MAKE A DIAGNOSIS
EXPLORATORY CONFIRMATION OR MEASUREMENT OF EXTENT OF CONDITION; A LOOKING INTO
PREVENTATIVE REMOVAL OF TISSUE BEFORE IT CAUSES A PROBLEM
CURATIVE REMOVAL OF DISEASED/ABORMAL TISSUE
RECONSTRUCTIVE CORRECTION OF DEFECTS OF BODY PARTS
PALLIATIVE ALLEVIATION OF SYMPTOMS WHEN DISEASE CANNOT BE CURED
PERIOPERATIVE PHASE PRE, INTRA, & POST OP PHASES
PREOPERATIVE PHASE DECISION OF SURGERY TO O.R. TRANSFER
INTRAOPERATIVE PHASE TRANSFER TO O.R. TO PACU
POSTOPERATIVE PHASE PACU TO RECOVERY
GENERAL ANESTHESIA PATIENT LOSES SENSATION, CONSCIOUSNESS AND REFLEXES; ACTS DIRECTLY ON THE CNS (IV OR INHALATION)
LOCAL ANESTHESIA BLOCKS NERVE IMPULSES TO SPECIFIC BODY REGION WHERE INJECTED; DO NOT LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS
MALIGNANT HYPOTHERMIA HEREDITARY MUSCULAR DISEASE THAT CAN BE TRIGGERED BY GENERAL ANESTHETICS
DRUG GIVEN FOR REVERSE EFFECTS OF MALIGNANT HYPOTHERMIA DANTROLENE
TOPICAL ADMINISTRATION PLACED DIRECTLY ON THE SURGICAL AREA
LOCAL INFILTRATION INJECTION OF A MEDICATION INTO THE TISSUE WHERE THE INCISION WILL BE MADE
REGIONAL BLOCK INJECTING A LOCAL AGENT ALONG A NERVE THAT CARRIES IMPULSES TO THAT REGION
NERVE BLOCK INJECTION OF A MEDICATION INTO THE NERVE
BIER BLOCK BY PLACING A TOURNIQUET ON AN EXTREMITY TO REMOVE THE BLOOD & THEN INJECTING THE LOCAL AGENT INTO THE EXTREMITY
FIELD BLOCK SERIES OF INJECTIONS SURROUNDING THE SURGICAL AREA
SPINAL BLOCK INJECTION OF MEDICATION INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE
EPIDURAL BLOCK INJECTION OF MEDICATION INTO THE EPIDURAL SPACE
PACU PERIANESTHESIA CARE UNIT
POSTOPERATIVE PHASE FINAL STAGE PACU TO RECOVERY RELEASE FROM PACU REQUIRED BASELINE VITALS NO RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION OR BLEEDING PT. IS TRANSFERRED TO NURSING UNIT
POSTOPERATIVE TACHYCARDIA DECREASED OXYGEN WITH AN INCREASED HEART RATE CAUSES HEMORRHAGE RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION PAIN
POSTOPERATIVE PREVENTIONS REMOVE FOLEY EARLY AMBULATION INCENTIVE SPIROMETRY, COUGH, DEEP BREATHING LEG EXERCISES
HEALING PROCESS IF INFECTION IN SITE, HEAL FIRST THEN SUTURE DEHISCENCE - SPLITTING OF SUTURED WOUND EVISCERATION - ORGAN FALLING OUT OF WOUND
PENROSE DRAIN SOFT, FLAT DRAIN; MODERATE, PINK SEROSANGUINEOUS DRAINAGE, REQUIRES FREQUENT DRESSING CHANGES
JACKSON-PRATT & HEMOVAC DRAIN CLOSED SYSTEM THAT REQUIRES PERIODIC EMPTYING & REAPPLICATION OF THE SUCTION BY COMPRESSING THE DRAIN; RECORD OUTPUT & COLOR
DISCHARGE 1 HOUR AFTER PACU (POSSIBLE) STABLE VITAL SIGNS NO BLEEDING NO NAUSEA OR VOMITING CONTROLLED PAIN
Created by: Smccunn