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4th 6 weeks part 2

weather, space, and life

TermDefinition
temperature How much heat energy something has
precipitation Rain, snow, sleet and hail falling from the clouds
weather The conditions of the atmosphere in a certain place at a certain time
climate The average year to year conditions of the temperature and precipitation in a certain part of the world
Geography an area of study that deals with the location of countries, cities, rivers, mountains, lakes
Geology a science that studies rocks, soil, and the history of the Earth
Data Information found during an investigation that is recorded and organized
Represent to be a sign, symbol, or example of someone or something
Average calculated by adding quantities together and then dividing by the number of quantities
Air Pressure The weight of air pressing down on everything around it
Humidity Water vapor in the air
Solar Energy energy from the sun
Water Cycle Evaporation, condensation, precipitation, accumulation, repeat
Sequence the order in which things are or should be connected, related, or dated
Evaporation When heat changes water to a gas
Condensation As water vapor rises, it cools, becoming a liquid. Forms clouds
Axis a straight line with respect to which a body or figure is symmetrical
Rotate/Rotation To spin on an axis
Revolve/Revolution To go around another object.
Model A representation of something
Apparent appearing to be true or real
Accurate agreeing exactly with truth or a standard
Sunrise happens in the east
Sunset happens in the west
Front A place where one air mass meets and pushes another air mass
Cold Front a cold air mass that brings temperatures down, the symbol on a weather map that is blue with triangles
Warm Front a warm air mass that brings temperatures up, the symbol on a weather map that is red and has semi circles
Meteorologist A scientist who studies the atmosphere
Gravity What keeps the planets orbiting around the Sun
Seasons Caused by the tilt of the Earth
Barometer Measures air pressure, low pressure means rainy, high pressure means clear
Thermometer Measures temperature
Rain Gauge Measures rain or snow
Anemometer Measures wind speed
Accumulation How much precipitation was received, measured, and or collected
Shadow Always the opposite side where the sun is
System a group of objects or units combined to form a whole and to move or work together
Atmosphere the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth
Deciduous trees that have leaves that fall off every year
Transpiration the process where plants give off water vapor through pores in their leaves.
Latex a white fluid produced by certain plants that is used for making rubber
Roots/ Root System the part of a plant that grows underground, gets water and nutrients from the ground, and holds the plant in place
Carbon Dioxide gas that animals exhale and plants take in through their leaves for photosynthesis
Nutrients a substance that plants, animals, and people need to live and grow
Oxygen Gas that is produced by plants from photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Process where plants use sun, water and carbon dioxide to produce sugar and release oxygen
Nectar a sweet liquid produced by plants eaten by hummingbirds and butterflies and used by bees in making honey
Aster a type of flower
Lantana a type of flower
Composite made of different parts
Nocturnal Active at night and sleeps in the day
Diurnal Active in the day and sleeps at night
Burrow a hole or tunnel in the ground that an animal makes to live in or for safety
Abiotic Another name for nonliving things or non-living elements Ex. rocks, weather, soil, water, or temperatures.
Biotic any living thing, living elements.
Terrarium Part of this word means land and it is a container that contains plant life and sometimes animals
Aquarium A container that contains water, animals, and plants
Environment the conditions that affect the growth, health, progress, of someone or something
Grubs the young form of an insect in which it looks like a small worm
Energy Flow the flow of energy through a food chain
Food Chain The flow of energy on the Earth, beginning with the Sun then the producers then the consumers
Food Web Many food chains that tie together in an ecosystem
Manufacture to make something by hand or machinery
Leaves flat and typically green parts of a plant that grow from a stem or twig and is where photosynthesis takes place
Transfer to move from one person, place, or thing to another
Producers Organisms that make their own food through photosynthesis
Consumers Organisms that feed on other things because they can't make their own food
Decomposers Breaks down dead materials and wastes so it is recycled back to rich land
Recycle to use again
Role the part that someone or something has in a family, society, or in nature
Herbivore Eats only plants
Omnivore Eats meat and plants
Carnivore Eats only meat
Scavengers Gets food from dead and decaying animals
Parasite An organism that must live on or inside another living organism in order to get its energy
Prey An organism that is hunted by other animals
Predator An organism that does the hunting to another animal for food
Host The organism a parasite get is energy from
Population All of the same type of organisms living in the same environment
Factor something that helps produce or influence a result
Chemical a substance such as an element or compound
Florida Everglades a swampy grassland in southern Florida usually containing saw grass and at least seasonally covered by slowly moving water
Tropical a region or climate that is frost-free with temperatures and moisture levels high enough to support year-round plant growth
Wetlands an area of land (such as a marsh or swamp) that is covered with shallow water
Ecosystem All living and non living things that interact with each other in an environment
Aquatic living or found in or near water
Terrestrial living or growing on land instead of in water or air
Interdependence Living things depending on each other
Adaptation Helps an organism survive
Camouflage To blend in to one's surroundings
Mimicry To pretend to be like or look like another organisms for protection
Metamorphosis The change in an organism that's going through its life cycle
Complete Metamorphosis Egg, larva, pupa, adult
Incomplete Metamorphosis A change in an organism where the nymph looks like a small adult
Nymph This organism resembles a smaller version of the adult
Larva This is the part of the life cycle where the organism just eats and eats and eats
Pupa The organism seems to be resting and new body parts are being formed
Vertebrate Animals with a backbone
Species A group of organisms of the same kind that can produce offspring like themselves
Exoskeleton A hard covering that protects an animal's soft body parts inside (Lobster, insects, spiders, scorpions)
Invertebrate Animals without a backbone
Inherited Traits A trait passed from parent to offspring (eye color, height, hair color
Ancestor the organisms that came before the current one
Molt To shed the outer covering
Stage Specific period of time during life or growth
Niche An organism's roles in its environment
Instinct A behavior an animal does without being taught (Migration, hibernation, birds building a nest)
Learned behavior A behavior that has to be taught (reading a book, riding a bike)
Grazers Animals that continuously feed on growing grasses such as cattle or sheep
Habitat The place or environment where an organism naturally lives
Created by: Justin.magers