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9th ENV 5.2

9th ENV 5.2 OUTLINE THE CYCLING OF MATTER

QuestionAnswer
CARBON CYCLE CARBON CYCLE: THE _____________ ____________________IS THE MOVEMENT OF CARBON FROM THE NONLIVING ENVIRONMENT INTO LIVING THINGS AND BACK TO THE ENVIRONMENT.
CARBON CARBON CYCLE: _______________________IS THE ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF PROTEINS, FATS, AND CARBOHYDRATES, WHICH MAKE UP ALL ORGANISMS
PRODUCERS CARBON CYCLE: _______________________CONVERT CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ATMOSPHERE INTO CARBOHYDRATES DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CONSUMERS CARBON CYCLE: ________ __OBTAIN CARBON FROM THE CARBOHYDRATES IN THE PRODUCERS THEY EAT.
CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON CYCLE: DURING CELLULAR RESPIRATION , SOME OF THE CARBON IS RELEASED BACK INTO THE ATMOSPHERE AS ______ _________.
LIMESTONE CARBON CYCLE: SOME CARBON IS STORED IN _____ ______, FORMING ONE OF THE LARGEST "CARBON SINKS" ON EARTH.
DIES CARBON CYCLE: CARBON IS STORED IN THE BODIES OF ORGANISMS AS FATS, OIL, OR OTHER MOLECULES, MAY BE RELEASED INTO THE SOIL OR AIR WHEN THE ORGANISMS ___.
FOSSIL CARBON CYCLE: THESE MOLECULES MAY FORM DEPOSITS OF COAL, OIL, OR NATURAL GAS. WHICH ARE KNOWN AS _________ FUELS.
FOSSIL FUELS CARBON CYCLE: HUMANS BURN __________ ______, RELEASING CARBON DIOXIDE INTO THE ATMOSPHERE.
CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON CYCLE: INCREASED LEVELS OF _______ ______ CONTRIBUTE TO CLIMATE CHANGE.
GREENHOUSE GASE CARBON CYCLE: CARBON DIOXIDE IS A ________ _____ ___ ALONG WITH WATER VAPOR AND OTHER GASES.
WARMING CARBON CYCLE: GREENHOUSE GASES ABSORB AND RERADIATE INFRARED ENERGY, _________ EARTH.
NITROGEN CYCLE NITROGEN CYCLE: THE_____________ ______ IS THE PROCESS IN WHICH NITROGEN CIRCULATES AMONG THE AIR,SOIL,WATER,PLANTS, AND ANIMALS IN AN ECOSYSTEM.
PROTEIN NITROGEN CYCLE: ALL ORGANISMS NEED NITROGEN TO BUILD ________, WHICH ARE USED TO BUILD NEW CELLS.
78 NITROGEN CYCLE: NITROGEN MAKES UP __ PERCENT OF THE GASES IN THE ATMOSPHERE.
USED NITROGEN CYCLE: ONLY A FEW SPECIES OF BACTERIA CAN FIX ATMOSPHERIC NITROGEN INTO CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS THAT CAN'T BE ____ BY OTHER ORGANISMS. THESE BACTERIA ARE KNOWN AS NITROGEN- FIXING BACTERIA.
NITROGEN-FIXING BACTERIA NITROGEN CYCLE: _______-______ _________ ARE BACTERIA THAT CONVERT ATMOSPHERIC NITROGEN INTO AMMONIA.
LEGUMES NITROGEN CYCLE: THESE BACTERIA LIVE IN NODULES ON THE ROOTS OF PLANTS CALLED _________-, WHICH INCLUDE BEANS,PEAS,AND CLOVER
NITRATES NITROGEN CYCLE: THE BACTERIA USE SUGER PROVIDED BY THE LEGUMES TO PRODUCE NITROGEN CONTAINING COMPOUNDS SUCH AS _______.
RETURNED NITROGEN CYCLE: NITROGEN STORED WITHIN THE BODIES OF LIVING THINGS IS ________ TO THE NITROGEN CYCLE ONCE THOSE ORGANISMS DIE.
DECOMPOSERS NITROGEN CYCLE: _________ BREAK DOWN DECAYING PLANTS AND ANIMALS, AS WELL AS PLANT AND ANIMAL WASTES.
PHOSPHORUS PHOSPHORUS CYCLE _________ IS AN ELEMENT THAT IS PART OF MANY MOLECULES THAT MAKE UP THE CELLS OF LIVING ORGANISMS.
EATING PHOSPHORUS CYCLE PLANTS GET THE PHOSPHORUS THEY NEED FROM SOIL AND WATER, WHILE ANIMALS GET THEIR PHOSPHORUS BY _________ PLANTS OR OTHER ANIMALS THAT HAVE EATEN PLANTS.
PHOSPHORUS CYCLE PHOSPHORUS CYCLE THE ___________ ___________ IS THE CYLIC MOVEMENT OF PHOSPHORUS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT OF ORGANISMS AND THEN BACK TO THE ENVIRONMENT.
ROOTS PHOSPHORUS CYCLE PLANTS ABSORB PHOSPHATES IN THE SOIL THROUGH THEIR ______.
WASHES PHOSPHORUS CYCLE SOME PHOSPHATES ___________ OFF THE LAND AND ENDS UP IN WATER BODIES.
SALTS PHOSPHORUS CYCLE BECAUSE MANY PHOSPHATES _____ ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER, THEY SINK TO THE BOTTOM AND ACCUMULATE AS SEDIMENT.
FERTILIZERS PHOSPHORUS CYCLE _________, WHICH PEOPLE USE TO SIMULATE AND MAXIMIZE PLANT GROWTH, CONTAIN BOTH NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS.
RUNOFF PHOSPHORUS CYCLE EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS OF FERTILIZERS CAN ENTER TERRESTRIAL AND AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS THROUGH ________ ___.
ALGAE PHOSPHORUS CYCLE EXCESS NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS CAN CAUSE RAPID GROWTH OF __________.
DEPLETE PHOSPHORUS CYCLE EXCESS ALAGE CAN ________ AN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM OF IMPORTANT NUTRIENTS SUCH AS OXYGEN, ON WHICH FISH AND OTHER AQUTIC ORGANISMS DEPEND.
LIVING CARBON CYCLE: Carbon exists in air, water and________________ORGANISMS
ATMOSPHERE NITROGEN CYCLE: After decomposers return nitrogen to the soil, bacteria transforms a small amount of the nitrogen into nitrogen gas, which then returns to the___________________ to complete the nitrogen cycle.
Created by: asimien907