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Plants Chapter 3

Also chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
Root Cap A structure that covers the tip of the root, protecting the root from injury as the root grows through the soil
Cambium A layer of cells in a plant that produces new phloem and xylem cells
Stoma Small openings on the underside of a leaf through which oxygen, water, and carbon dioxide can move
Transiration The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves
Embryo The young organism that develops from a zygote
Germination The sprouting of the embryo out of a seed; occurs when the embryo resumes its growth following dormancy
Flower The reproductive structure of an angiosperm
Pollination The transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures in plants
Sepal A leaf like structure that encloses and protects the bud of a flower
Petal A colorful, leaf like structure of some flowers
Stamen The male reproductive part of a flower
Pistil The female reproductive part of a flower
Ovary A flower structure that encloses and protects ovules and seeds as they devolpe
Sporophyte The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores
Gametophyte The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes or sex cells
Annual A flowering plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season
Biennial A flowering plant that completes its life cycle in two years
Perennial A flowering plant that lives for more than two years
Fertilization The process in sexual reproduction in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to form a new cell
Zgote A fertilized eggs, produced by the joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell
Cone The reproductive structure of a gymnosperm
Ovule A plant structure in seed plants that produces the female gametophyte; contains an egg cell
Fruit The ripened ovary and other structures of an angiosperm that encloses one or more seeds
Created by: FDMcCormick