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anticoagulant

coumadin

QuestionAnswer
What is the prototype for oral anticoagulants Coumadin (warfin)
What are the most common oral anticoagulants Coumadin (warfin), dicumarol
What are some common uses for oral anticoagulants (Coumadin) prevention of venous thrombosis, atrial fibrillation prosthetic heart valves
What is the antidote to Coumadin vitamin K
What is the normal value for PT 1.5 - 2 X base or 18-24 seconds
What is the normal value for INR 2 -3
When should Coumadin NOT be used pregnancy, low platelets
Why should alcoholics not use Coumadin there is an increased risk of bleeding
Why can’t Coumadin (oral anticoagulant) be used during pregnancy if crosses the placenta
Use caution when giving Coumadin to patients with hemophilia, dissecting aneurysm, peptic ulcer disease, sever HTN
What Foods should not be eaten when taking Coumadin and why foods high in vitamin K, b/c they can decrease anticoagulant effects
List foods high in Vitamin K green leafy vegetables, cauliflower, and cabbage
Which drugs when taken with Coumadin will promote bleeding heparin, aspirin, acetaminophen, sulfonamides, and parenteral cephalosporins?
Which drugs when taken with Coumadin will decrease the anticoagulant action Phenobarbital, carbamezepine, dilantin, Oral contraceptives, & vitamin K supplements
How does smoking effect anticoagulant therapy increases drug metabolism, so it is eliminated faster & this make pt more likely to clot
How long after a patient stops anticoagulants does the drug remain in the system 5 days
Any time a patient on anticoagulant therapy adds/stops a drug you should monitor PT & INR levels b/c they could change
Coumadin binds to protein
Important client teaching for Coumadin includes reason for continued heparin use, continued Coumadin effects 5 days after ending therapy, avoid alcohol, OTC, & herbal therapies, wear medical alert bracelet, notify all health care of use.
What should be monitored on patients receiving oral anticoagulants V/S, bleeding, PT, & INR
What is the action of oral anticoagulants (coumadin) inhibits synthesis of vitamin K and effect certian clotting factors
Created by: leseanne