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PedsChap14

Pediatrics Chapter 14

TermDefinition
birth defects abnormalities that are apparent at birth
cheiloplasty surgical repair of a cleft lip
cleft lip fissure or a opening in the upper lip
clubfoot one of the most common deformities, a congenital abnormality characterized by a foot that has been twisted inward or outward
congenital malformations those defects present at birth, according to body systems
erythroblastosis fetalis A hemolytic disease caused when the mother is Rh positive and the baby is Rh negative
habiliation treatment of a patient who is handicapped from birth therefore is learning, not relearning, a task
hydrocephalus an increase of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles of the brain
hyperbilirubinemia an excessive amount of bilirubin in the blood; more commonly seen in association with hemolytic disorders of the newborn, infection, and extreme cold stress.
kernicterus accumulation of bilirubin in the brain tissues
macrosomia An abnormally large infant, or neonatal birth weight above the 90th percentile
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) Group of symptoms that occur when the fetus or newborn aspirates meconium-stained amniotic fluid into the lungs
Meningocele (Membrane tumor) contains portion of the membranes and CSF
Meningomyocele A sac-like cyst containing the meninges, spinal cord, and fluid that has herniated through the spinal column, usually via some form of anatomical defeat of the bony spinal canal
Myelodysplasia Also known as spina bifida refers to a group of central nervous system disorders chracterised by malformation of the spinal cord
Neonatal abstinence syndrome Occurs when the fetus has prenatal exposure to drugs such as opiates, amphetamines transquilizers, or multiple illicit drugs while in utero
Ortolani's sign The physician can actually feel and hear the femoral head slip back into the acetabulum under gentle pressure. Suggest developmental hip dysplasia
Pavlik Harness Maintains hip abduction in developmental hip dysplasia
Phototherapy Used to reduce bilirubin levels
RhoGam An immune globulin given to the mother (not the infant) after delivery of an Rh-positive infant to an Rh-negative mother
Shunt A bypass
Spica cast Encircles the waist and extends to the ankles or toes
Spina bifida (Divided spine) a congenital embryonic neural tube defect in which there is an imperfect closure of the spinal vertebrae
Transient tachypnea of the newborn Usually occurs after a cesarean section birth or an uneventful vaginal delivery of a term infant. Characterized by tachypnea, chest retractions, grunting, and mild cyanosis.
Transillumination The inspection of a cavity or organ by passing light through its walls- simple diagnostic procedure use in visualizing fluid
Created by: shosh316