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7/8 Sem1

Semester 1 terms and definitions

TermDefinition
pizzicato pluck string
legato play notes smoothly and connected
arco use bow
piano quiet, p
forte loud, f
mezzo forte medium loud, mf
mezzo piano medium quiet, mp
crescendo gradually play louder
diminuendo gradually play quieter
measure the space between two bar lines on a music staff
sharp raises the pitch of a note by one half step, looks like a hashtag
key signature sharps of flats after the clef that change certain notes throughout the entire piece
top number of the time signature tells us the number of beats or counts in a measure
bottom number of the time signature tells us the note that gets a beat or count, i.e. in 4/4 time a quarter note gets a beat
half note a note that lasts for 2 beats in 4/4 time, a note head with a stem
quarter note a note that lasts for 1 beat in 4/4 time, a solid note head with a stem
whole note a note that lasts for 4 beats in 4/4 time, a single note head, no stem
eighth note a note that lasts for 1/8 of a whole note in 4/4 time. 2 grouped together with a single bar across the top represents one beat
sixteenth note a note that lasts 1/16 of a whole note in 4/4 time. 4 grouped together with two bars across the top represents one beat
quarter rest one beat of silence in 4/4 meter
half rest two beats of silence in 4/4 meter, looks like a top hat
rest a symbol of no sound
major scale a series of ascending or descending notes, the pattern of intervals is whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step or WWH WWWH
whole step an interval of two half steps, i.e. F to E
half step smallest space or interval between two notes, i.e. F to F sharp
articulation how the notes are attacked or started
simile continue playing music in a similar way to the previous section
tremolo repeating a note very rapidly, done by moving the bow rapidly at the tip
adagio moderately slow tempo
presto very rapid tempo
ritardando gradually slow down the speed of the beat
da capo (D.C) signals the performer to go to the beginning of the piece
dal segno (D.S.) signals the performer to go to the sign in the piece
fine marks the end of a piece
fermata A marking requiring the performer to hold the note as long as the conductor or performer sees fit.
key signature of C Major no sharps or flats
key signature of G Major F Sharp
key signature of D Major F sharp, C sharp
key signature of A Major F sharp, C sharp, G sharp
dotted half note a note that lasts for 3 beats in 4/4 time, an open note head with a stem and a dot on the side
dotted quarter rest a note that lasts for 1 1/2 beats in 4/4 time, a closed note head with a stem and a dot on the side
Created by: Mrs.W*Orchestra