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honors Week 10

Week 10 Animal Behavior and Ecology

QuestionAnswer
hibernation A physiological state that allows survival during long periods of cold temperatures and reduced food supplies, in which metabolism decreases, the heart and respiratory system slow down, and body temperature is maintained at a lower level than normal.
imprinting A type of learned behavior with a significant innate component, acquired during a limited critical period.
instinct a way of behaving, thinking, or feeling that is not learned
migration changing habitats dues to seasonal changes
pheromones A small, volatile chemical signal that functions in communication between animals and acts much like a hormone in influencing physiology and behavior.
social behavior interactions among individuals, normally within the same species, that are usually beneficial to one or more of the individuals.
suckling getting nourishment from the mother’s mammary glands
Taxis A movement toward or away from a stimulus
territorial An area or space occupied and defended by an individual or a group; trespassers are attacked (and usually defeated); May be the site of breeding, nesting, food gathering, or any combination thereof.
trial and error type of learning by experience or practice
stimulus anything that causes an organism to respond
behavior an organism response to a stimulus
classical conditioning A type of associative learning; the association of a normally irrelevant stimulus with a fixed behavioral response
communication The exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by speech, signals, writing, or behavior.
courtship rituals Specialized behavior in animals that leads to or initiates mating.
habituation A simple kind of learning involving a loss of sensitivity to unimportant stimuli, allowing an animal to conserve time and energy
innate behavior behavior you are born knowing how to do
learned behavior gained by experience
Estivation A physiological state characterized by slow metabolism and inactivity, which permits survival during long periods of elevated temperature and diminished water supplies.
Phototaxis the movement of cells and microorganisms in response to light
autotroph organism that obtains energy from sunlight or chemicals by producing its own food sources; (plants, algae, & certain bacteria)
biotic living things.
Ecology the study of the distribution, abundance and interactions of living organisms in a given area
Ecosystem A system that includes all living organisms (biotic factors) in an area as well as its physical environment(abiotic factors) functioning together as a unit.
gymnosperm vascular seed plant that produces seeds that do not develop within a fruit; CONES
angiosperm vascular, seed plant that has seed development in flowers.
Created by: nbctbio