Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Honors Week 6

DNA, Protein Synthesis, and Mutations

Anticodon A specialized base triplet on one end of a tRNA molecule that recognizes a particular complementary codon on an mRNA molecule
Cancer a disease characterized by abnormal cell growth
Codon A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid or termination signal
Complementary base pairing cytosine, uracil, adenine, guanine, and thymine
Deletion and addition (frameshift) mutations A mutational loss or gain of a nucleotide from a gene.
DNA a nucleic acid which stores the genetic information controlling our heredity and characteristics
Fertilization Sexual reproduction. The combination of the egg and sperm.
Gene A discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA
Hydrogen bonds A type of weak chemical bond formed between nitrogen bases
mRNA A type of RNA synthesized from DNA in the genetic material that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein
nitrogenous base An organic base that contains the element nitrogen found in DNA/RNA
nucleotide The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five carbod sugar, a phosphate and a nitrogen base
peptide bonds joins amino acids together to form a protein
RNA A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with a ribose sugar and the nitrogenous bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and uracil (U).
Mutations an altered sequence of DNA
Transcription The synthesis of mRNA from a DNA template
Translation The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule. There is a change of "language" from nucleotides to amino acids.
tRNA picks up specific amino acids and recognizing the appropriate codons in the mRNA.
Created by: nbctbio